Timothy M. Watts
MIT Department of Economics
Cambridge MA 02139
Institutional Affiliation: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|February 2007||Long Run Health Impacts of Income Shocks: Wine and Phylloxera in 19th Century France|
with Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, Gilles Postel-Vinay: w12895
This paper provides estimates of the long-term effects on height and health of a large income shock experienced in early childhood. Phylloxera, an insect that attacks the roots of grape vines, destroyed 40% of French vineyards between 1863 and 1890, causing major income losses among wine growing families. Because the insects spread slowly from the southern coast of France to the rest of the country, Phylloxera affected different regions in different years. We exploit the regional variation in the timing of this shock to identify its effects. We examine the effects on the adult height, health, and life expectancy of children born in the years and regions affected by the Phylloxera. The shock decreased long run height, but it did not affect other dimensions of health, including life expectan...
Published: Abhijit Banerjee & Esther Duflo & Gilles Postel-Vinay & Tim Watts, 2010. "Long-Run Health Impacts of Income Shocks: Wine and Phylloxera in Nineteenth-Century France," Review of Economics and Statistics, vol 92(4), pages 714-728.