The World Bank
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Institutional Affiliation: World Bank
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|October 2019||Biometric Tracking, Healthcare Provision, and Data Quality: Experimental Evidence from Tuberculosis Control|
with Clara Delavallade, Vincent Pons: w26388
Developing countries increasingly use biometric identification technology in hopes of improving the reliability of administrative information and delivering social services more efficiently. This paper exploits the random placement of biometric tracking devices in tuberculosis treatment centers in urban slums across four Indian states to measure their effects both on disease control and on the quality of health records. The devices record health worker attendance and patient adherence to treatment, and they automatically generate prompts to follow up with patients who miss doses. Combining data from patient and health worker surveys, independent field visits, and government registers, we first find that patients enrolled at biometric-equipped centers are 25 percent less likely to interrupt...