Susan Carter

Department of Social Sciences
607 Cullum Road
West Point, NY 10996
United States

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Institutional Affiliation: United States Military Academy

NBER Working Papers and Publications

February 2018Making Big Changes: The Impact of Moves on Marriage among U.S. Army Personnel
with Abigail Wozniak: w24300
We use exogenously determined, long-distance relocations of U.S. Army soldiers to investigate the impact of moving on marriage. We find that marriage rates increase sharply around the time of a move in an event study analysis. Reduced form exposure analysis reveals that an additional move over a five year period increases the likelihood of marriage by 14 percent. Moves increase childbearing by a similar magnitude, suggesting that marriages induced by a move are formed with long-term intentions. These findings are consistent with a model where the marriage decision is costly and relocation lowers the costs to making this decision. Our results have implications for understanding how people make major life decisions such as marriage, as well as the cost of migration.
July 2016Who's the Boss? The Effect of Strong Leadership on Employee Turnover
with Whitney Dudley, David S. Lyle, John Z. Smith: w22383
Despite the importance placed on supervision in the workplace, little is known about the effects of a boss’ leadership quality on labor market outcomes such as employee job retention. Using plausibly exogenous assignment of junior officers to bosses in the U.S. Army, we find positive retention effects for those assigned to immediate and senior bosses who are good leaders. These effects are strongest for officers with high SAT scores. Junior officers who share the same home geographic region, high SAT, and undergraduate institution as their bosses who also have strong leadership qualities retain at the highest rates.

Published: Susan Payne Carter & Whitney Dudley & David S. Lyle & John Z. Smith, 2019. "Who's the Boss? The effect of strong leadership on employee turnover," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, .

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