NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Seokjin Woo

Myongji University
34 Geobukgol-ro Seodaemun-gu
Seoul, 120-728, S. Korea

E-Mail: sjwoo@mju.ac.kr
Institutional Affiliation: Myongji University

NBER Working Papers and Publications

December 2014All or Nothing? The Impact of School and Classroom Gender Composition on Effort and Academic Achievement
with Soohyung Lee, Lesley J. Turner, Kyunghee Kim: w20722
We estimate the causal impact of school and classroom gender composition on achievement. We take advantage of the random assignment of Korean middle school students to single-sex schools, co-educational (coed) schools with single-sex classes, and coed schools with mixed-gender classes. Male students attending single-sex classes within coed schools score 0.10 of a standard deviation below male students in mixed-gender classes, and this achievement gap is entirely accounted for by classroom gender composition. Conversely, male students attending single-sex schools outperform their counterparts in mixed-gender classes by 0.15 of a standard deviation. The significant impact of single-sex schools on male students' achievement are not driven by classroom gender composition, but largely accounted...
 
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