School of Economics and Finance
Queen Mary University of London
Mile End Road
London E1 4NS
Institutional Affiliation: Bank of England
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|September 2016||Nominal Rigidities in Debt and Product Markets|
with Carlos Garriga, Finn E. Kydland: w22613
Standard models used for monetary policy analysis rely on sticky prices. Recently, the literature started to explore also nominal debt contracts. Focusing on mortgages, this paper compares the two channels of transmission within a common framework. The sticky price channel is dominant when shocks to the policy interest rate are temporary, the mortgage channel is important when the shocks are persistent. The first channel has significant aggregate effects but small redistributive effects. The opposite holds for the second channel. Using yield curve data decomposed into temporary and persistent components, the redistributive and aggregate consequences are found to be quantitatively comparable.
Published: Carlos Garriga & Finn E. Kydland & Roman Sustek, 2016. "Nominal rigidities in debt and product markets," Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Working Papers, vol 2016(17).
|December 2013||Mortgages and Monetary Policy|
with Carlos Garriga, Finn E. Kydland: w19744
Mortgages are long-term loans with nominal payments. Consequently, under incomplete asset markets, monetary policy can affect housing investment and the economy through the cost of new mortgage borrowing and real payments on outstanding debt. These channels, distinct from traditional real rate channels, are embedded in a general equilibrium model. The transmission mechanism is found to be stronger under adjustable- than fixed-rate mortgages. Further, monetary policy shocks affecting the level of the nominal yield curve have larger real effects than transitory shocks, affecting its slope. Persistently higher inflation gradually benefits homeowners under FRMs, but hurts them immediately under ARMs.
Published: Carlos Garriga & Finn E. Kydland & Roman Šustek, 2017. "Mortgages and Monetary Policy," The Review of Financial Studies, vol 30(10), pages 3337-3375.
|October 2012||Housing Dynamics over the Business Cycle|
with Finn E. Kydland, Peter Rupert: w18432
Over the U.S. business cycle, fluctuations in residential investment are well known to systematically lead GDP. These dynamics are documented here to be specific to the U.S. and Canada. In other developed economies residential investment is broadly coincident with GDP. Nonresidential investment has the opposite dynamics, being coincident with or lagging GDP. These observations are in sharp contrast with the properties of nearly all business cycle models with disaggregated investment. Including mortgages and interest rate dynamics aligns the theory more closely with U.S. observations. Longer time to build in housing construction makes residential investment coincident with output.
Published: Finn E. Kydland & Peter Rupert & Roman Šustek, 2016. "HOUSING DYNAMICS OVER THE BUSINESS CYCLE," International Economic Review, vol 57(4), pages 1149-1177.
|July 2009||Globally Correlated Nominal Fluctuations|
with Espen Henriksen, Finn E. Kydland: w15123
Cyclical fluctuations in nominal variables--aggregate price levels and nominal interest rates--are documented to be substantially more synchronized across countries than cyclical fluctuations in real output. A transparent mechanism that can account for this striking feature of the nominal environment is highlighted. It is based on (small) cross-country spillovers of shocks and an interaction between Taylor rules and no-arbitrage conditions. The mechanism is quantitatively important for a wide range of plausible parameterizations and is found to be robust to modifications of the economic environment that help account for other important features of domestic and international aggregate fluctuations.
Published: Henriksen, Espen & Kydland, Finn E. & Å ustek, Roman, 2013. "Globally correlated nominal fluctuations," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(6), pages 613-631. citation courtesy of