NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Michael Viehs

University of Oxford
Smith School of Enterprise and
the Environment and
Hermes Investment Management
150 Cheapside
London EC2V 6ET
United Kingdom

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
Institutional Affiliation: University of Oxford

NBER Working Papers and Publications

October 2018Exporting Pollution: Where Do Multinational Firms Emit CO2?
with Itzhak Ben-David, Stefanie Kleimeier: w25063
Despite awareness of the detrimental impact of CO2 pollution on the world climate, countries vary widely in how they design and enforce environmental laws. Using novel microdata about multinational firms’ CO2 emissions across countries, we document that firms headquartered in countries with strict environmental policies perform their polluting activities abroad in countries with relatively weaker policies. These effects are stronger for firms in pollution-intensive industries and firms with poor corporate governance characteristics. Although firms headquartered in countries with strict domestic environmental policies are more likely to export pollution to foreign countries, they nevertheless emit less overall CO2 globally. Our findings highlight the importa...
 
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