Juan Manuel Castro Vincenzi
Department of Economics
Institutional Affiliation: Princeton University
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|May 2019||Structural Transformation, Industrial Specialization, and Endogenous Growth|
with Paula Bustos, Joan Monras, Jacopo Ponticelli: w25871
The introduction of new technologies in agriculture can foster structural transformation by freeing workers who find occupation in other sectors. The traditional view is that this reallocation of workers towards manufacturing can lead to industrial development. However, when workers moving to manufacturing are mostly unskilled, this process reinforces a country's comparative advantage in unskilled-labor intensive industries. To the extent that these industries undertake less innovative activities, this change in industrial specialization can lead to lower long run growth. We highlight this mechanism in an endogenous growth model and provide empirical evidence using a large and exogenous increase in agricultural productivity due to the legalization of genetically engineered soy in Brazil. ...