Centre for Industrial Relations
121 St. George Street
University of Toronto
Toronto, ON M5S 2E8
Institutional Affiliation: University of Toronto
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|May 2020||Do Differences in School Quality Generate Heterogeneity in the Causal Returns to Education?|
with Philip DeCicca: w27089
Estimating the returns to education remains an active area of research amongst applied economists. Most studies that estimate the causal return to education exploit changes in schooling and/or labor laws to generate exogenous differences in education. An implicit assumption is that more time in school may translate into greater earnings potential. None of these studies, however, explicitly consider the quality of schooling to which impacted students are exposed. To extend this literature, we examine the interaction between school quality and policy-induced returns to schooling, using temporally-available school quality measures from Card and Krueger (1992). We find that additional compulsory schooling, via either schooling or labor laws, increases earnings only if educational inputs a...
|December 2016||The Effect of Education on Overall Fertility|
with Philip DeCicca: w23003
Fertility rates have long been falling in many developed countries while educational attainment in these countries has risen. We attempt to reconcile these two trends with a novel application of a recent model to generate plausibly causal effects of education on these decreases in fertility. Specifically, we find that education “compresses” the fertility distribution – women are more likely to have at least one child, but less likely to have multiple children. We demonstrate that the mechanism for this effect is through the positive impact of education on earnings and marriage.
|September 2015||Does Education Reduce Teen Fertility? Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws|
with Philip DeCicca: w21594
While less-educated women are more likely to give birth as teenagers, there is scant evidence the relationship is causal. We investigate this possibility using variation in compulsory schooling laws (CSLs) to identify the impact of formal education on teen fertility for a large sample of women drawn from multiple waves of the Canadian Census. We find that greater CSL-induced schooling reduces the probability of giving birth as a teenager by roughly two to three percentage points. We find evidence that education affects the timing of births in a way that strongly implies an “incarceration” effect of education. In particular, we find large negative impacts of education on births to young women aged seventeen and eighteen, but little evidence of an effect after these ages, consistent with ...
Published: Philip DeCicca & Harry Krashinsky, 2019. "Does Education Reduce Teen Fertility? Evidence from Compulsory Schooling Laws," Journal of Health Economics, .
|May 2010||The International Asian Business Success Story? A Comparison of Chinese, Indian and Other Asian Businesses in the United States, Canada and United Kingdom|
with Robert W. Fairlie, Julie Zissimopoulos
in International Differences in Entrepreneurship, Josh Lerner and Antoinette Schoar, editors