University of California, Davis
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Institutional Affiliation: University of California at Davis
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|June 2019||How Research Affects Policy: Experimental Evidence from 2,150 Brazilian Municipalities|
with Jonas Hjort, Gautam Rao, Juan Francisco Santini: w25941
This paper investigates if research findings change political leaders’ beliefs and cause policy change. Collaborating with the National Confederation of Municipalities in Brazil, we work with 2,150 municipalities and the mayors who control their policies. We use experiments to measure mayors’ demand for research information and their response to learning research findings. In one experiment, we find that mayors and other municipal officials are willing to pay to learn the results of impact evaluations, and update their beliefs when informed of the findings. They value larger-sample studies more, while not distinguishing on average between studies conducted in rich and poor countries. In a second experiment, we find that informing mayors about research on a simple and effective policy (remi...
|June 2012||Corrupting Learning: Evidence from Missing Federal Education Funds in Brazil|
with Claudio Ferraz, Frederico Finan: w18150
This paper examines if money matters in education by looking at whether missing resources due to corruption affect student outcomes. We use data from the auditing of Brazil's local governments to construct objective measures of corruption involving educational block grants transferred from the central government to municipalities. Using variation in the incidence of corruption across municipalities and controlling for student, school, and municipal characteristics, we find a significant negative association between corruption and the school performance of primary school students. Students residing in municipalities where corruption in education was detected score 0.35 standard deviations less on standardized tests, and have significantly higher dropout and failure rates. Using a rich datas...
Published: Claudio Ferraz & Frederico Finan & Diana B. Moreira, 2012. "Corrupting learning," Journal of Public Economics, vol 96(9-10), pages 712-726.