Christopher J. Ruhm
Frank Batten School of
Leadership and Public Policy
University of Virginia
235 McCormick Rd.
P.O. Box 400893
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4893
NBER Program Affiliations:
NBER Affiliation: Research Associate
Institutional Affiliation: University of Virginia
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|April 2019||Paid Family Leave and Breastfeeding: Evidence from California|
with Jessica E. Pac, Ann P. Bartel, Jane Waldfogel: w25784
|November 2018||The Effect of the Economic Collapse in Iceland on the Probability of Cardiovascular Events|
with Kristín H. Birgisdóttir, Arna Hauksdóttir, Unnur Anna Valdimarsdóttir, Tinna Laufey Ásgeirsdóttir: w25301
Published: Kristín Helga Birgisdóttir & Arna Hauksdóttir & Christopher Ruhm & Unnur Anna Valdimarsdóttir & Tinna Laufey Ásgeirsdóttir, 2020. "The effect of the economic collapse in Iceland on the probability of cardiovascular events," Economics & Human Biology, .
|Shackling the Identification Police?|
Published: Christopher J. Ruhm, 2019. "Shackling the Identification Police?," Southern Economic Journal, vol 85(4), pages 1016-1026. citation courtesy of
|January 2018||Deaths of Despair or Drug Problems?|
|February 2017||Macroeconomic Conditions and Opioid Abuse|
with Alex Hollingsworth, Kosali Simon: w23192
Published: Alex Hollingsworth & Christopher J. Ruhm & Kosali Simon, 2017. "Macroeconomic conditions and opioid abuse," Journal of Health Economics, . citation courtesy of
|August 2016||Taking the Measure of a Fatal Drug Epidemic|
|July 2016||Cognitive Performance and Labor Market Outcomes|
with Dajun Lin, Randall Lutter: w22470
Published: Lin, Dajun & Lutter, Randall & Ruhm, Christopher J., 2018. "Cognitive performance and labour market outcomes," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 121-135. citation courtesy of
|November 2015||The Relationship between Establishment Training and the Retention of Older Workers: Evidence from Germany|
with Peter B. Berg, Mary K. Hamman, Matthew M. Piszczek: w21746
Published: Peter B. Berg & Mary K. Hamman & Matthew M. Piszczek & Christopher J. Ruhm, 2016. "The Relationship between Establishment Training and the Retention of Older Workers: Evidence from Germany," International Labour Review, .
|Paid Family Leave, Fathers’ Leave-Taking, and Leave-Sharing in Dual-Earner Households|
with Ann Bartel, Maya Rossin-Slater, Jenna Stearns, Jane Waldfogel: w21747
Published: Ann P. Bartel & Maya Rossin-Slater & Christopher J. Ruhm & Jenna Stearns & Jane Waldfogel, 2018. "Paid Family Leave, Fathers’ Leave-Taking, and Leave-Sharing in Dual-Earner Households," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, vol 37(1), pages 10-37.
|October 2015||Health Effects of Economic Crises|
Published: Christopher J. Ruhm, 2016. "Health Effects of Economic Crises," Health Economics, vol 25, pages 6-24. citation courtesy of
|August 2015||Can Policy Facilitate Partial Retirement? Evidence from Germany|
with Peter Berg, Mary K. Hamman, Matthew Piszczek: w21478
|January 2015||Can Changing Economic Factors Explain the Rise in Obesity?|
with Charles J. Courtemanche, Joshua C. Pinkston, George Wehby: w20892
Published: Charles J. Courtemanche & Joshua C. Pinkston & Christopher J. Ruhm & George L. Wehby, 2016. "Can Changing Economic Factors Explain the Rise in Obesity?," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 82(4), pages 1266-1310, April. citation courtesy of
|August 2014||The Changing Benefits of Early Work Experience|
with Charles L. Baum: w20413
Published: Charles L. Baum & Christopher J. Ruhm, 2016. "The Changing Benefits of Early Work Experience," Southern Economic Journal, . citation courtesy of
|July 2014||Time Preferences and Consumer Behavior|
with David Bradford, Charles Courtemanche, Garth Heutel, Patrick McAlvanah: w20320
Published: David Bradford & Charles Courtemanche & Garth Heutel & Patrick McAlvanah & Christopher Ruhm, 2017. "Time preferences and consumer behavior," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, vol 55(2-3), pages 119-145. citation courtesy of
|December 2013||The Effects of Paid Family Leave in California on Labor Market Outcomes|
with Charles L. Baum: w19741
Published: Charles L. Baum & Christopher J. Ruhm, 2016. "The Effects of Paid Family Leave in California on Labor Market Outcomes," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, vol 35(2), pages 333-356. citation courtesy of
|August 2013||Recessions, Healthy No More?|
Published: Ruhm, Christopher J., 2015. "Recessions, healthy no more?," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 17-28. citation courtesy of
|April 2013||Air Pollution and Procyclical Mortality|
with Garth Heutel: w18959
Published: Garth Heutel & Christopher J. Ruhm, 2016. "Air Pollution and Procyclical Mortality," Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol 3(3), pages 667-706. citation courtesy of
|September 2012||Work-Family Balance|
NBER Reporter 2012 number 3
|August 2012||Private Equity and the Innovation Strategies of Entrepreneurial Firms: Empirical Evidence from the Small Business Innovation Research Program|
with Albert N. Link, Donald S. Siegel: w18297
Published: Peter Klein & Donald Siegel & Nick Wilson & Mike Wright & Albert N. Link & Christopher J. Ruhm & Donald S. Siegel, 2014. "Private Equity and the Innovation Strategies of Entrepreneurial Firms: Empirical Evidence from the Small Business Innovation Research Program," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 35(2), pages 103-113, 03. citation courtesy of
|December 2011||The Effects of California's Paid Family Leave Program on Mothers' Leave-Taking and Subsequent Labor Market Outcomes|
with Maya Rossin-Slater, Jane Waldfogel: w17715
Published: Maya RossinâSlater & Christopher J. Ruhm & Jane Waldfogel, 2013. "The Effects of California's Paid Family Leave Program on Mothersâ LeaveâTaking and Subsequent Labor Market Outcomes," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(2), pages 224-245, 03. citation courtesy of
|November 2011||What U.S. Data Should be Used to Measure the Price Elasticity of Demand for Alcohol?|
with Alison Snow Jones, William C. Kerr, Thomas K. Greenfield, Joseph V. Terza, Ravi S. Pandian, Kerry Anne McGeary: w17578
Published: Ruhm, Christopher J. & Jones, Alison Snow & McGeary, Kerry Anne & Kerr, William C. & Terza, Joseph V. & Greenfield, Thomas K. & Pandian, Ravi S., 2012. "What U.S. data should be used to measure the price elasticity of demand for alcohol?," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 851-862. citation courtesy of
|September 2011||Creativity and the Family Tree: Human Capital Endowments and the Propensity of Entrepreneurs to Patent|
with Albert N. Link: w17441
Published: “Fathers’ Patenting Behavior and the Propensity of Offspring to Patent: An Intergenerational Analysis” (with Albert N. Link), the Journal of Technology Transfer, 38(3), June 2013, 332-340.
|June 2011||Time for Children: Trends in the Employment Patterns of Parents, 1967-2009|
with Liana E. Fox, Wen-Jui Han, Jane Waldfogel: w17135
Published: Liana Fox & Wen-Jui Han & Christopher Ruhm & Jane Waldfogel, 2013. "Time for Children: Trends in the Employment Patterns of Parents, 1967â2009," Demography, Springer, vol. 50(1), pages 25-49, February. citation courtesy of
|May 2011||The Economics of Risky Health Behaviors|
with John Cawley: w17081
Published: John Cawley, Christopher J. Ruhm. “Chapter Three - The Economics of Risky Health Behaviors” Handbook of Health Economics, Volume 2, 2011, Pages 95-199
|April 2011||Where Does the Wage Penalty Bite?|
with Christian A. Gregory
in Economic Aspects of Obesity, Michael Grossman and Naci H. Mocan, editors
|February 2011||Occupational Status and Health Transitions|
with G. Brant Morefield, David C. Ribar: w16794
Published: Brant Morefield & David C. Ribar & Christopher J. Ruhm, 2012. "Occupational Status and Health Transitions," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, Berkeley Electronic Press, vol. 11(3), pages 8. citation courtesy of
|July 2010||Understanding Overeating and Obesity|
Published: Ruhm, Christopher J., 2012. "Understanding overeating and obesity," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 781-796. citation courtesy of
|January 2010||Explaining the Rise in Educational Gradients in Mortality|
with David M. Cutler, Fabian Lange, Ellen Meara, Seth Richards: w15678
Published: Cutler, David M, Fabian Lange, Ellen Meara, Seth Richards-Shubik, and Christopher J Ruhme. 2011. Rising Educational Gradients in Mortality: The Role of Behavioral Factors. Journal of Health Economcis 30, no. 6: 1174-1187.
|September 2009||Inheritances, Health and Death|
with Beomsoo Kim: w15364
Published: Beomsoo Kim & Christopher J. Ruhm, 2012. "Inheritances, health and death," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(2), pages 127-144, 02. citation courtesy of
|May 2009||Where Does the Wage Penalty Bite?|
with Christian A. Gregory: w14984
|March 2009||Public Knowledge, Private Knowledge: The Intellectual Capital of Entrepreneurs|
with Albert Link: w14797
Published: Albert Link & Christopher Ruhm, 2011. "Public knowledge, private knowledge: the intellectual capital of entrepreneurs," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 36(1), pages 1-14, January. citation courtesy of
|January 2009||Public Policies and Women's Employment after Childbearing|
with Wen-Jui Han, Jane Waldfogel, Elizabeth Washbrook: w14660
Published: B E J Econom Anal Policy. 2011 July 28; 11(1): 2938. doi: 10.2202/1935-1682.2938 PMCID: PMC3769194 NIHMSID: NIHMS474288 Public Policies, Women’s Employment after Childbearing, and Child Well-Being Elizabeth Washbrook,corresponding author Christopher J. Ruhm, Jane Waldfogel, and Wen-Jui Han
|June 2008||Bringing Science to Market: Commercializing from NIH SBIR Awards|
with Albert N. Link: w14057
Published: Albert Link & Christopher Ruhm, 2009.
"Bringing science to market: commercializing from NIH SBIR awards,"
Economics of Innovation and New Technology,
Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 18(4), pages 381-402.
citation courtesy of
|December 2007||Parental Leave Policies and Parents' Employment and Leave-Taking|
with Wen-Jui Han, Jane Waldfogel: w13697
Published: Wen-Jui Han & Christopher Ruhm & Jane Waldfogel, 2009.
"Parental leave policies and parents' employment and leave-taking,"
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management,
John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 28(1), pages 29-54.
citation courtesy of
|August 2007||Age, Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Growth|
with Charles L. Baum II: w13289
Published: Baum II, Charles L. & Ruhm, Christopher J., 2009.
"Age, socioeconomic status and obesity growth,"
Journal of Health Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 635-648, May.
citation courtesy of
|June 2007||Current and Future Prevalence of Obesity and Severe Obesity in the United States|
Published: Christopher Ruhm, 2007. "Current and Future Prevalence of Obesity and Severe Obesity in the United States," Forum for Health Economics & Policy, Berkeley Electronic Press, vol. 10(2), pages 1086-1086. citation courtesy of
|March 2006||A Healthy Economy Can Break Your Heart|
Published: Ruhm, Christopher. “A Healthy Economy Can Break Your Heart.” Demography 44, 4 (November 2007): 829-848. citation courtesy of
|December 2005||The Cost of Caring for Young Children|
with Dan T. Rosenbaum: w11837
|December 2004||Macroeconomic Conditions, Health and Mortality|
Published: Jones, Andrew M. (ed.) Elgar Companion to Health Economics. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2006.
|August 2004||Maternal Employment and Adolescent Development|
Published: Ruhm, Christopher J., 2008. "Maternal employment and adolescent development," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(5), pages 958-983, October. citation courtesy of
|April 2004||Does Prekindergarten Improve School Preparation and Performance?|
with Katherine A. Magnuson, Jane Waldfogel: w10452
Published: Magnuson, Katherine A. & Ruhm, Christopher & Waldfogel, Jane, 2007. "Does prekindergarten improve school preparation and performance?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 33-51, February. citation courtesy of
|January 2004||How Well Do Parents With Young Children Combine Work and Family Life|
|February 2003||Healthy Living in Hard Times|
Published: Ruhm, Christopher J. "Healthy Living In Hard Times," Journal of Health Economics, 2005, v24(2,Mar), 341-363. citation courtesy of
|December 2002||Deaths Rise in Good Economic Times: Evidence From the OECD|
with Ulf-G. Gerdtham: w9357
Published: Gerdtham, Ulf-G. & Ruhm, Christopher J., 2006. "Deaths rise in good economic times: Evidence from the OECD," Economics and Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 298-316, December. citation courtesy of
|October 2001||Does Drinking Really Decrease in Bad Times?|
with William E. Black: w8511
Published: Ruhm, Christopher J. and William E. Black. "Does Drinking Really Decrease In Bad Times?," Journal of Health Economics, 2002, v21(4,Jul), 659-678. citation courtesy of
|August 2001||Economic Expansions Are Unhealthy: Evidence from Microdata|
|April 2000||Parental Employment and Child Cognitive Development|
Published: Christopher J. Ruhm, 2004.
"Parental Employment and Child Cognitive Development,"
Journal of Human Resources,
University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 39(1).
citation courtesy of
|February 2000||Compensation in the Nonprofit Sector|
with Carey Borkoski: w7562
Published: Ruhm, Christopherj. and Cary Borkoski. "Compensation In The Nonprofit Sector," Journal of Human Resources, 2003, v38(4,Fall), 992-1021. citation courtesy of
|May 1998||Parental Leave and Child Health|
Published: Ruhm, Christopher J. "Parental Leave And Child Health," Journal of Health Economics, 2000, v19(6,Nov), 931-960. citation courtesy of
|July 1996||The Economic Consequences of Parental Leave Mandates: Lessons from Europe|
Published: Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 108, no. 1 (February 1998): 285-317. Published as "The Economic Consequences of Labor Mobility", Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 41, no. 1 (1987): 30-42. citation courtesy of
|June 1996||Trade Sensitivity, Technology, and Labor Displacement|
with John T. Addison, Douglas A. Fox: w5621
Published: Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 66, no. 3 (January 2000): 682-699.
|May 1996||Are Recessions Good For Your Health?|
Published: Ruhm, Christopher J. "Are Recessions Good For Your Health?," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2000, v115(2,May), 617-650. citation courtesy of
|July 1995||Alcohol Policies and Highway Vehicle Fatalities|
Published: Journal of Health Economics, Vol. 15, No. 4, August 1996, pp.435-454. citation courtesy of
|March 1995||Parental Leave Policies in Europe and North America|
with Jackqueline L. Teague: w5065
Published: Gender and the Family Issues in the Workplace, Blau, Francine D. and Ronald Ehrenberg, eds., New York: The Russell Sage Foundation Press, 1997, pp. 133-156.
|February 1995||Is High School Employment Consumption or Investment?|
Published: Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 113, no. 1 (February 1998): 285-317. citation courtesy of
|November 1994||Economic Conditions and Alcohol Problems|
Published: Journal of Health Economics, vol. 14, no. 5, December,1995, pp. 583-603. citation courtesy of
|Do Pensions Increase the Labor Supply of Older Men?|
Published: Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 59, No. 2, February 1996, pp.157-175. citation courtesy of