NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Cevat Giray Aksoy

European Bank for Reconstruction
and Development
Broadgate, 1 Exchange Square
London EC2A 2JN
United Kingdom

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

September 2018Globalization, Government Popularity, and the Great Skill Divide
with Sergei Guriev, Daniel S. Treisman: w25062
How does international trade affect the popularity of governments and leaders? We provide the first large-scale, systematic evidence that the divide between skilled and unskilled workers worldwide is producing corresponding differences in the response of political preferences to trade shocks. Using a unique data set including 118 countries and nearly 450,000 individuals, we find that growth in high skill intensive exports (of goods and services) increases approval of the leader and incumbent government among skilled individuals. Growth in high skill intensive imports has the opposite effect. High skill intensive trade has no such effect among the unskilled. To identify exogenous variation in international trade, we exploit the time-varying effects of air and sea distances on bilateral trad...
 
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