NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Andreas Kotsadam

Frisch Centre for Economic Research
University of Oslo
Gaustadalléen 21
N-0371 Oslo
Norway

E-Mail: andreas.kotsadam@econ.uio.no
Institutional Affiliation: University of Oslo

NBER Working Papers and Publications

February 2018Does Integration Change Gender Attitudes? The Effect of Randomly Assigning Women to Traditionally Male Teams
with Gordon Dahl, Dan-Olof Rooth: w24351
We examine whether exposure of men to women in a traditionally male-dominated environment can change attitudes about mixed-gender productivity, gender roles and gender identity. Our context is the military in Norway, where we randomly assigned female recruits to some squads but not others during boot camp. We find that living and working with women for 8 weeks causes men to adopt more egalitarian attitudes. There is a 14 percentage point increase in the fraction of men who think mixed-gender teams perform as well or better than same-gender teams, an 8 percentage point increase in men who think household work should be shared equally and a 14 percentage point increase in men who do not completely disavow feminine traits. Contrary to the predictions of many policymakers, we find no evidence ...
 
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