Daniel B. Berch directs the program in Mathematics and Science Cognition and Learning at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH. He also serves as the Institutes representative to Secretary Paiges Mathematics and Science Initiative, and the NICHD team leader for the Interagency Education Research Initiative. He was formerly a Senior Research Associate at the U. S. Department of Education in the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, advising the Assistant Secretary on technical and policy matters pertaining to educational research. In his academic career, Dr. Berch was Director of Research for the Department of Psychology at the University of Cincinnati, where he also chaired the Universitys Institutional Review Board and served as Research Coordinator for the University Affiliated Cincinnati Center for Developmental Disorders. He has published articles and book chapters on developmental changes in short-term memory, numerical cognition, mathematical learning disabilities, spatial information processing, and sustained attention.