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Briefing Book TOC: 01 Nov 2002


Emerging Institutions and Issues in Higher Education


The Science & Engineering Workforce Project

of the National Bureau of Economic Research


Sponsored by the Sloan Foundation


Conference of 1 November 2002


Table of Contents



I.  The Economic Context


1.  William J. Baumol and Sue Anne Batey Blackman,”How to Think About Rising College Costs,” Planning for Higher Education, Summer 1995    [page 6]

2.  Sara Hebel, “Skyrocketing Public-College Tuition Renews Calls for Better Policies,” Chronicle of Higher Education, 25 October 2002   [page 13]


3.  Scott Smallwood, “Stipends Are Key in Competition to Land Top Graduate Students,” Chronicle of Higher Education, 28 September 2001   [page 15]


4.  Mark C. Regets, “Has the Use of Postdocs Changed?,” NSF Division of Science Resources Studies Issue Brief, 2 December 1998   [page 19]


5.  GESO, “The Postdoc Crisis,” ca. 2001   [page 23]


6.  Association of American Universities (AAU), “Committee on Postdoctoral Education: Report and Recommendations,” 31 March 1998   [page 29]


7.  Erica Goldman and Eliot Marshall, “NIH Grantees: Where Have All the Young Ones Gone?,”          Science, vol. 298, 4 October 2002   [page 36]


8.  Naomi Kraus, “Scientific World’s Low Tolerance for Controversy May Be What’s Excluding Young Investigators,” excerpted from The Scientist, vol. 8, #24, 12 December 1994   [page 38]


9.  NIH Research Training Budget and Pre-Doctoral and Post-Doctoral Positions (slides)   [page 40]

10.  Walter T. Schaffer, National Institutes of Health, “National Research Service Award (NRSA) Stipend Increase and Other Budgetary Changes Effective for Fiscal Year 2002,”  22 January 2002   [page 42]


11.  Coalition of Graduate Employee Unions, Casual Nation   [page 44]


12.  Eric L. Wee, “Professor of Desperation,” Washington Post Magazine, 21 July 2002   [page 52]


13.  Phyllis M. Frakt and James O. Castagnera, “Rider University Addresses Adjunct Faculty Concerns,” Matrix,  November/December 2000   [page 59]


14.  Katie Cottingham, “Insights from Funders: A Discussion of Postdoctoral Support,” Science’s Next Wave, 17 May 2002   [page 61]


15.  Karen Kreeger, “Private foundations push for higher postdoc salaries,” Naturejobs, 10 January 2002   [page 64]


16.  Mark Pidkowich, “Postdocs at Brookhaven: Establishing a Living Wage,” Science’s Next Wave, 19 April 2002   [page 65]


17.  Richard Weibl, “Value of Postdoc Fellowships Vary Widely by Field,” Science’s Next Wave, 2 November 2001   [page 68]


18.  Stephen Greene, “Tax Law Shrinks Stipends,” The Scientist, 19 October 1987   [page 73]




II. Recent Developments


1.  Steven Greenhouse, “Cornell Graduate Assistants Vote Decisively Against Union,” New York Times, 26 October 2002   [page 75]  


2.  Shinzong Lee, “Cornell grad union fails in NLRB vote,” Yale Daily News, 28 October 2002   [page 76]


3.  Shinzong Lee, “Union supporters leaflet at Parents’ Weekend panel: Police detain two students inside Woolsey for distributing flyers to students, parents,” Yale Daily News, 14 October 2002   [page 77]


4.  Stuart Silverstein and Claire Luna, “Strikes Shut Down Some UC Classes,” Los Angeles Times, 15 October 2002   [page 78]


5.  UAW News, “UAW members at University of California to honor picket lines during unfair labor practice strike by lecturers, clerical workers,” 13 October 2002   [page 80]


6.  GESO, “Ivy League Unions Growing,” 19 June 2002   [page 81]


7.  “More grad students eligible for union,” Chicago Tribune, 7 June 2002   [page 82]

            http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/chicagotribune/access/123559071.html?FMT=FT&FMTS=F            T&PMID=7684&desc=More+grad+students+eligible+for+union

8.  Meg McSherry Breslin, “ U. of I. grad students get offer,” Chicago Tribune, 14 March 2002   [page 83]

9.  “Union Moves Shake Two Campuses,” Science, vol. 294, 7 December 2001   [page 84]


10.  Yilu Zhao, “Columbia Graduate Assistants Strike to Support Union Effort,” New York Times, 30 April 2002   [page 85]


11.  Kenneth R. Weiss, “Private Universities’ Grad Students Get Right to Unionize,” Los Angeles Times, 2 November 2000   [page 86]

12.  Joel Budd, “Ivory power,” Guardian Education supplement, 4 September 2001   [page 88]

13.  Andrew C. Helman and David Abel, “UMass Ras face historic union vote,” Boston Globe, 23 January 2002   [page 90]

14.  “Temple Teaching Assistants Win Ruling in Union Drive,” Chronicle of Higher Education, 7 September 2001   [page 91]


15.  Ana Marie Cox, “Looking (Without Much Success) for New Ways to Help Postdocs,” Chronicle of Higher Education, 23 March 2001   [page 92]


16.  Scott Smallwood, “A Big Breakthrough for T.A. Unions: NYU becomes first private institution to negotiate, but will others follow?,” Chronicle of Higher Education, 16 March 2001   [page 93]  


17.  Kyle Grimshaw, “A Victory for the Student Researcher: Chou v. University of Chicago,” ca. 2001   [page 95]




III.  The Case against Grad Student Unionization


1.  Scott Smallwood, “ Union? No Thanks.  Some graduate students at elite universities fight the push for collective bargaining,” Chronicle of Higher Education, 17 May 2002   [page 100]


2.  Edward A. Brill and Tracey I. Levy, “Are You Prepared for Student Unionization?,” NACUBO Business Officer, July 2002   [page 103]

3.  GSAU / Graduate Students Against Unionization   [page 107]

a) Adam Meshel, “We are the Union?”

b) “Graduate Student Strikes, UAW-Style”

c) “Twelve Facts About the Union


4.  Deputy Provost Peter Conn, “Information about Graduate Student Unionization at Penn,” 16 October 2001   [page 112]


5.  Josh Greenfield, “What does Economics tell us about Unionization?”   [page 114]


6.  Joshua Potter, “Teaching Assistant Unionization at the University of Washington   [page 115]

7.  Colin Costin, Graduate Students for an Informed Choice on Unionization (GSICU), “Comparison of Wages and Benefits at the University of Washington and Several Peer Institutions”   [page 119]


8.  Jennifer L. Burns, “Harvard TFs Happy; See No Labor Problems,” Harvard Crimson, 6 February 1997   [page 129]


9.  Paul Kennedy, “The International Brotherhood of Eggheads,” Wall Street Journal, 25 March 1999   [page 130]

10.  Catharine R. Stimpson, “A Dean’s Skepticism About a Graduate-Student Union,” Chronicle of Higher Education, 5 May 2000   [page 131]


11.  Anthony Kronman, “Are Graduate Students Workers?,” New York Times, 19 May 2001   [page 133]


12.  Courtney Leatherman, “As Push to Unionize, Debate Grows Over What They Would Gain,” Chronicle of Higher Education, 3 October 1997   [page 134]


13.  Ruth J. Simmons, president of Brown University, “Unions and Teaching Assistants,” letter of 27 November 2001    [page 136]


14.  Ethan Horowitz, “Pres. Simmons vows to fight against grad student unionization,” Brown Daily Herald, 26 September 2001   [page 138]



IV.  The Case for Graduate Student Unions


1.  Gordon Lafer, “Graduate Student Unions Fight the Corporate University,” Dissent, Fall 2001   [page 140]

2.  Kate Bronfenbrenner and Tom Juravich, “Universities Should Cease Hostilities with Unions,”            Chronicle of Higher Education, 19 January 2001   [page 148]


3.  Kim Phillips-Fein, “Yale Bites Unions: For God, Country, and the Ruling Class,” The Nation, 2 July 2001   [page 149]


4.  Jane Manners, “Joe Hill Goes to Harvard,” The Nation, 2 July 2001   [page 152]


5.  GESO, “Casual in Blue: Yale and the Academic Labor Market,” ca. 1999   [page 155]


6.  Courtney Leatherman, “Yale’s Labor Strife Leads Some of Its Ph.D.’s to Abandon Academe for Union Organizing,” Chronicle of Higher Education, 5 December 1997   [page 167]


7.  GSEU, “SUNY Employees Declare Day of Shame,” 25 September 2000   [page 169]

8.  Rabiya S. Tuma, “Grad Student Unionization: Grave Predictions Unmet?,” Science’s Next Wave, 30 March 2001   [page 172]


9.  Gordon J. Hewitt, “Graduate Student Employee Collective Bargaining and the Educational Relationship between Faculty and Graduate Students,” Journal of Collective Negotiations in the Public Sector, vol. 29 (2), 2000   [page 175]




V.  The Emergence of Postdoc Movements, Associations, and Networks


1.  Joanne P. Cavanaugh, “The Postdoc’s Plight: Underpaid, overworked, and often under-regarded....,” Johns Hopkins Magazine, February 1999   [page 189]


2.  Laurel Haak, “Leading the Charge: Institutional Postdoctoral Policies,” Science’s Next Wave, 16 August 2002   [page 196]


3.  Postdoc Network, “How to Form a Postdoc Association,” Science’s Next Wave, 10 November 2000   [page 201]


4.  Kelly Karpa, “Establishing Offices for Postdoctoral Education: Overcoming Obstacles, Part 2,” Science’s Next Wave, 1 June 2001   [page 203]



5.  Audrey Ettinger, “History and Evolution of the Stanford University Postdocs Association,” Science’s Next Wave, 18 May 2001   [page 206]


6.  David Bucci, “Establishing a Postdoctoral Association at Brown University,” Science’s Next Wave, 2 February 2001   [page 209]


7.  James Fiordalisi, “Who Shall Lead?  The New UNC Postdoc Association Takes Big Steps,” Science’s Next Wave, 21 September 2001   [page 212]


8.  Stephen Gasior, “Agitators on the Inside,” Science’s Next Wave, 16 November 2001   [page 215]


9.  Orfeu M. Buxton and Stephen Gasior, “Surveying Postdocs: A Tale from the Trenches,” Science’s Next Wave, 4 January 2002   [page 218]


10.  Orfeu Buxton and Stephen Gasior, “You’ve Got the Data!  Now Advocate for Change!,” Science’s Next Wave, 19 April 2002   [page 221]


11.  Karen Christopherson, “Postdoc Production,” Science’s Next Wave, 30 August 2002   [page 224]


12.  Jonathan Dando, “Postdocs: Your Future is in YOUR Hands!,” Science’s Next Wave, 30 August 2002   [page 227]


13.  Claire Davies, “Calling the ‘Postdoc’ Monster,” Science’s Next Wave, 13 September 2002   [page 229]


14.  Avi Spier, “Postdoc Production: Negative Selection of the Scientists of the Future?,” Science’s Next Wave, 13 September 2002   [page 232]


15.  Massimo Lazzari, “Postdoctoral Training: a European Perspective,” Science’s Next Wave, 13 September 2002   [page 235]


16.  Jonathan W. Yewdell, “An Enron of Our Own,” Science’s Next Wave, 30 August 2002   [page 237]


17.  Sharon Milgram, “Postdoc Policy Forum: Think Globally; Act Locally,” Science’s Next Wave, 13 September 2002   [page 240]


18.  Trevor Penning, “Are There Too Many Postdoctoral Scientists?,” Science’s Next Wave, 30 August 2002   [page 242]


19.  Martha Borgmann Crago, “The Need and Development of Highly qualified Personnel in Canada: Reconceptualization of the Postdoctoral Experience,” Science’s Next Wave, 30 August 2002   [page 245]


20.  Richard A. Cherwitz and Teresa A. Sullivan, “Postdocs as Intellectual Entrepreneurs,” Science’s Next Wave   [page 248]


21.  Richard Freeman, “Thanks for the Great Postdoc Bargain,” Science’s Next Wave, 30 August 2002   [page 251]


22.  Geoff Davis, “Postdoc Economics,”Science’s Next Wave, 13 September 2002   [page 253]


23.  David Clark, “Are There Too Many Post-Docs?,” Science’s Next Wave, 30 August 2002   [page 256]


24.  Rita Colwell, “Perspectives from NSF on the Postdoctoral Experience,” Science’s Next Wave, 30 August 2002   [page 259]


25.  Karl Tibelius, “Postdoc Production: The Canadian Institutes of Health Research Perspective,” Science’s Next Wave, 30 August 2002   [page 261]


26.  Torsten Wiesel, “Climbing the Tree of Science,” Science’s Next Wave, 13 September 2002   [page 265]


27.  Timothy Coetzee, “Postdoc Production – A Funding Agency Perspective,” Science’s Next Wave, 13 September 2002    [page 268]


28.  John Marburger, “Developing Science Workforce Policy: 2nd National Postdoc Network Meeting, Keynote Address,” Science’s Next Wave, 17 May 2002   [page 270]


29.  Emily Klotz, “Postdocs Are Not All Created Equal – Postdoc Status, Part 1,” Science’s Next Wave, 10 November 2000   [page 272]


30.  Emily Klotz, “Postdocs Are Not All Created Equal – Postdoc Status, Part 2,” Science’s Next Wave, 17 November 2000    [page 273]


31.  SUPD Table on Visas and Postdocs   [page 276]

32.  Emily Klotz and Lisa McCawley, “Sharing Solutions to Postdoc Needs: A Summary of the Postdoc Network National Meeting, Part 1,” Science’s Next Wave, 16 March 2001   [page 280]


33.  Emily Klotz, “Sharing Solutions to Postdoc Needs: A Summary of the Postdoc Network National Meeting, Part 2,” Science’s Next Wave, 6 April 2001   [page 284]


34.  T.L. Nally, “Survey of Surveys I: What Postdoc Association Surveys Tell Us About Postdoc Working Conditions,” Science’s Next Wave, 21 June 2002   [page 287]


35.  T.L. Nally, “survey of Surveys II: Polling Postdocs Effectively,” Science’s Next Wave, 5 July 2002   [page 291]


36.  Laurel Haak, “Part I. Federal Science Policy and the Postdoc: What Do Postdocs Want?,” Science’s Next Wave, 1 February 2002    [page 294]


37.  Laurel Haak, “Strategies to Benefit Postdocs: A Guide to Best Practices,” Science’s Next Wave, 7 June 2002   [page 298]


38.  Richard Weibl, “Anticipation... Is Getting Me Down,” Science’s Next Wave, 12 October 2001   [page 302]


39.  Leslie Pray, “National Poll Reveals Progress and Differences,” Science’s Next Wave, 3 August 2001   [page 304]


40.  Laurel Haak, “Postdoc Issues and Solutions: A Report from the AAAS Meeting,” Science’s Next Wave, 15 March 2002   [page 308]


41.  Laurel Haak, “Investing in Postdoctoral Research: The Frederick Gardner Cottrell Postdoctoral Enhancement Awards,” Science’s Next Wave, 4 October 2002    [page 311]


42.  Jim Austin, “Another Scientist Shortage?,” Science’s Next Wave, 25 October 2002   [page 314]


43.  Kirstie Urquhart, “Serial Postdoc Killer?,” Science’s Next Wave, 25 October 2002   [page 317]


44.  Jerry Gabriel, “Raising Their Voices: The Emergence of Postdoc Grievance Procedures,” Science’s Next Wave, 5 April 2002    [page 320]


45.  Robert Bartolo, “Lobbying Congress: A New Role for Postdocs/,” Science’s Next Wave, 7 September 2001   [page 323]


46.  Deborah Swope, “Learning from Experience: Postdoc Associations Share Their Wisdom on Getting Started and Forging Ahead,” Science’s Next Wave, 19 January 2001   [page 326]


47.  Tom Peavy, “All for One, and One for All: Creation of a UC-wide Postdoc Association,”  

Science’s Next Wave, 5 April 2002   [page 330]


48.  Minutes of SUPD-PAC meeting with William Gould, former chair of the NLRB, 12 September 2001   [page 333]

49.  Stanford Postdoc Survey 2002   [page 337]


50.  Lisa M. Kozlowski, “Power to the Postdocs: The Johns Hopkins Postdoctoral Association”   [page 344]