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Briefing Book TOC: 23 May 2002


Government and the Scientific Workforce


The Science & Engineering Workforce Project

of the National Bureau of Economic Research


Sponsored by the Sloan Foundation


Conference of 23 May 2002


Table of Contents



I. Recent Developments

1. Daryl E. Chubin and Willie Pearson, Jr., "Policy for science, people for science," Technology in Society, 24, 2002, 145-154 [page 5]


2. Ronald L. Meeks, "Changing Composition of Federal Funding for Research and Development and R&D Plant since 1990," InfoBrief, SRS - Division of Science Resources Statistics/National Science Foundation, April 2002 [page 15]


3. Ronald L. Meeks, "FY 2001 Department of Defense Share of Federal R&D Funding Falls to Lowest Level in 22 Years," Data Brief, SRS - Division of Science Resources Statistics/National Science Foundation, 26 February 2001 [page 19]


4. Ronald L. Meeks, "FY 2002 Budget Requested Large Increases in R&D Funding for Defense and Health," Data Brief, SRS - Division of Science Resources Statistics/National Science Foundation, 9 October 2001 [page 22]


5. Richard J. Bennof, "Federal Academic Science and Engineering Obligations Increased 10 Percent in FY 2000, InfoBrief, SRS - Division of Science Resources Statistics/ National

Science Foundation, February 2002 [page 26]


6. Committee on the Federal Science and Technology Budget and the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, Observations on the President's Fiscal Year 2002 - Federal Science and Technology Budget (Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, prepublication copy ca. 2001) [page 30]


7. Office of Management and Budget, "Table 7-2: Budget Authority and Outlays: Defense and Nondefense Programs," Administration's FY 2003 Budget Request and Projected Spending [page 54]

8. National Institutes of Health, "Press Release for the FY 2003 President's Budget," 4 February 2002 [page 55]


9. Ron Southwick, "Senators Want More Funds for NSF, and Better Management, Too,"

Chronicle of Higher Education on-line, 16 May 2002 [page 66]


10. Ron Southwick, "Lawmakers Push for a Doubling of the NSF's Budget," Chronicle of

Higher Education on-line, 8 May 2002 [page 68]


11. Daniel S. Greenberg, "Money, More Money, Statistics, and Science," chapter six of Science ,Money, and Politics: Political Triumph and Ethical Erosion ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001) [page 70]

            http://www.press.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/hfs.cgi/00/14219.ctl (ordering information)

12. Daniel S. Greenberg, "War, bioterrorism, and the political landscape," The Lancet, vol. 358, December 22/29, 2001 [page 76]


13. Daniel S. Greenberg, " U.S. health bodies reap funds for bioterrorism," The Lancet, vol. 359, 2 March 2002 [page 77]


14. Jeanne Narum, "Thoughts on Project Kaleidoscope," 22-23 October 1999 [page 78]


15. Paula Stephan, Grant C. Black, James D. Adams, Sharon G. Levin, "Survey of Foreign Recipients of U.S. Ph.D.'s," Science, vol. 295, 22 March 2002 [page 80]


16. Patrick Healy, "Panel to assess security risk of foreign students of science," Boston Globe, 8 May 2002 [page 81]


17. Cheryl W. Thompson, "Visa Panel will Focus on Science," Washington Post, 8 May 2002 [page 82]


18. Cheryl W. Thompson, "INS Tracking System Set to Roll: Agency Aims to Monitor 1

Million Foreign Students in U.S.," Washington Post, 10 May 2002 [page 83]


19. William J. Broad, "Government Reviving Ties to Scientists," New York Times on the web, 20 November 2001 [page 84]


21. Ron Southwick, "John Marburger, One of the President's Men," Chronicle of Higher

Education on-line, 8 February 2002 [page 88]



II. Government as Employer

1. National Science and Technology Council, Ensuring a Strong U.S. Scientific, Technical, and Engineering Workforce in the 21st Century (2000) [page 94]


2. NASA White Paper, "Enhancing NASA/University Cooperation" [page 119]

3. Ron Southwick, "NASA Outlines Plans for Closer Collaboration with Colleges on Research Projects," Chronicle of Higher Education on-line, 10 November 2000 [page 121]


4. Ron Southwick, "NASA would get Slight Increase in 2003 Budget, but Bush Proposes Major Changes for Agency," Chronicle of Higher Education on-line, 5 February 2002 [page 123]


5. U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Inspector General, Office of Audit Services, "Audit Report: Recruitment and Retention of Scientific and Technical Personnel," July 2001 [page 124]


6. Linda R. Cohen and Roger G. Noll, "The future of the national laboratories," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., vol. 93, 12678-12685, November 1996, Colloquium Paper [page 135]


7. Adam B. Jaffe and Manuel Tajtenberg, "Flows of knowledge from universities and federal laboratories: Modeling the flow of patent citations over time and across institutional and geographic boundaries," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., vol. 93, 12671-12677, November 1996, Colloquium Paper [page 143]


8. NSF/SRS Executive Summary, Federal Scientists and Engineers: 1989-1993 [page 150]


9. Richard M. Jones, "Defense Science Board Task Force Wants 30% Increase in University S&T," American Institute of Physics Bulletin of Science Policy News, no. 140, 30 November 2000 [page 152]


10. Defense Science Board history fact sheet, "The Defense Science Board was established in 1956 in response..." [page 154]


11. Gail Repsher Emery, "Help wanted: Defense labs face recruitment challenges," Washington Technology on-line, 4 March 2002 [page 156]




III. Government support of industry

1. J.C. Tsang, "How industry matters in balancing the federal research portfolio," Technology in Society 24, 2002, 49-61 [page 158]


2. Jonathan Tucker, "It's Not Just the Money: The Role of ATP Proposal Evaluation and

Awards in Leveraging Private Support by Providing Independent Validation of Projects" in Branscomb, Lewis, Managing Technical Risk: Understanding Private Sector

Decision Making on Early Stage Technology-based Projects (U.S. Department of

Commerce) [page 171]

3. "Spending for Defense," supplement to the Wall Street Journal, 28 March 2002 [page 176]

            a.) Anne Marie Squeo, "Ready for Battle"

            b.) "On the March," chart of defense spending

            c.) Greg Jaffe, "New and Improved?"

            d.) Anne Marie Squeo, "The Ripple Effect"

4. James D. Adams, Eric P. Chiang, and Jeffrey L. Jensen, "The Influence of Federal Laboratory R&D on Industry Research," paper of 26 September 2001 [page 182]




IV. Data Issues

1. Melissa Pollak, "Counting the S&E Workforce - It's Not That Easy," Issue Brief, NSF

Division of Science Resources Studies, 3 May 1999 [page 203]


2. Joan S. Burrelli, "Growth Continued in 2000 in Graduate Enrollment in Science and

Engineering Fields, "SRS- Division of Science Resources Statistics/National Science

Foundation, 21 December 2001 [page 206]


3. Susan T. Hill, "Declines in U.S. Doctorate Awards in Physics and Engineering," InfoBrief SRS - Division of Science Resources Statistics/National Science Foundation, April 2002 [page 210]


4. Jeffrey Mervis, "NSF Report Paints a Global Picture," Science, vol. 296, 3 May 2002 [page 213]


5. Benoit Godin, "The emergence of S&T indicators: Why did governments supplement statistics with indicators?" Research Policy, 1398, 2002 [page 214]



V. Government support of students and postdocs

1. Jeffrey Mervis, "Can Universities be bribed to train more scientists?," Science, vol. 294, 21 December 2001 [page 227]


2. "Graduate Fellowship Stipends: What is the Appropriate Level of Support?," a document developed for FY03 budget discussions between NSF and OMB [page 229]

3. H.R. 3130, as reported by the Subcommittee on Research on May 9, 2002 [page 232]


4. Scott Smallwood, "Stipends are Key in Competition to Land Top Graduate Students,"

Chronicle of Higher Education on-line, 28 September 2001 [page 246]


5. Charts on Postdoctoral surveys from Enhancing the Postdoctoral Experience for Scientists and Engineers [page 252]


6. Katie Cottingham, "Insights from Funders: A Discussion of Postdoctoral Support," Science Next Wave, 17 May 2002 [page 253]


7. John Marburger, "Developing Science Workforce Policy: 2nd National Postdoc Network Meeting, Keynote Address," Science Next Wave, 17 May 2002 [page 256]


8. Ron Southwick, "NIH Offers Postdoctoral Scientists a Raise and Prospects for Better

Treatment," Chronicle of Higher Education on-line, 27 April 2001 [page 259]


9. "Funding Opportunities" from the National Institutes of Health for Postdocs and Graduate Students [page 262]


10. Gabriela Montell, "Postdocs Push for Better Treatment," Chronicle of Higher Education online, 10 March 2000 [page 264]


11. James J. Duderstadt, "Preparing Future Faculty for Future Universities," address to the American Association of Colleges and Universities, 12 January 2001 [page 267]



VI. Mathematics, VIGRE, and the NSA

1. Charles.Seife, "Mathematics Funding: NSF Initiative Gives Field-a Chance to Show

Relevance," Science, vol. 294, 14 December 2001 [page 274]


2. Keith Devlin, "Mathematics and Homeland Security," MAA Online [The Mathematical

Association of America] [page 275]


3. Allyn Jackson, "Reports Assess U.S. Standing in Mathematics," Notices of the AMS, vol. 45, no. 7 [page 278]


4. Report of the Senior Assessment Panel for the International Assessment of the U.S.

Mathematical Sciences, March 1998 [page 281]


5. Letter of Phillip A. Griffiths introducing the report of the Panel on International

Benchmarking of U.S. Mathematics Research and the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, International Benchmarking of U.S. Mathematics

Research (1997 - prepublication copy) [page 315]


6. The goals of the VIGRE program (Grants for Vertical Integration of Research and Education in the Mathematical Sciences) [page 318]

7. "MAA Science & Technology Policy Report: Higher Education, Employment & Workforce" [page 319]

8. Gerald W. Bracey, "Tinkering with TIMSS," Kappan Professional Journal, 1998 [page 320]


9. "What is the NSA?" from www.nsa.gov [page 325]


10. George Cahlink, "National Security: Breaking the Code," GovExec.com, 1 September 2001 (article appeared in Government Executive, September 2001) [page 332]