Zhonglan Dai

School of Management
The University of Texas at Dallas
Richardson, TX 75080-3021

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Institutional Affiliation: University of Texas

NBER Working Papers and Publications

June 2011Does Financial Constraint Affect Shareholder Taxes and the Cost of Equity Capital?
with Chongyang Chen, Douglas Shackelford, Harold Zhang: w17169
We show that firms with the least elastic demand for equity capital should benefit the most from reductions in shareholder taxes. Consistent with this prediction, we find that, following 1997 and 2003 cuts in U.S. individual shareholder taxes, financially constrained firms, and particularly those with disproportionate ownership by U.S. individuals, enjoyed larger reductions in their cost of equity capital than did other firms. The results are consistent with the incidence of the tax reductions falling mostly on firms with the most pressing needs for capital. Furthermore, the findings provide an explanation for the heretofore puzzling finding that, following the unprecedented 2003 reduction in dividend tax rates, non-dividend-paying firms outperformed dividend-paying firms. Not surprisingly...

Published: Dai, Zhonglan, Douglas A. Shackelford, Harold H. Zhang, and Chongyang Chen, “Does Financial Constraint Affect the Relation between Sharehol der Taxes and the Cost of Equity Capital?” The Accounting Review 88:5 , September 2013, 1603-1627.

June 2006Capital Gains Taxes and Asset Prices: Capitalization or Lock-In?
with Edward Maydew, Douglas A. Shackelford, Harold H. Zhang: w12342
This paper examines the impact on asset prices from a reduction in the long-term capital gains tax rate using an equilibrium approach that considers both demand and supply responses. We demonstrate that the equilibrium impact of capital gains taxes reflects both the capitalization effect (i.e., capital gains taxes decrease demand) and the lock-in effect (i.e., capital gains taxes decrease supply). Depending on time periods and stock characteristics, either effect may dominate. Using the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 as our event, we find evidence supporting a dominant capitalization effect in the week following news that sharply increased the probability of a reduction in the capital gains tax rate and a dominant lock-in effect in the week after the rate reduction became effective. Nondivide...

Published: Zhonglan Dai & Edward Maydew & Douglas A. Shackelford & Harold H. Zhang, 2008. "Capital Gains Taxes and Asset Prices: Capitalization or Lock-in?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 63(2), pages 709-742, 04. citation courtesy of

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