Peter S. Jensen
Department of Business and Economics
Univeristy of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55
5230 Odense M, Denmark
Institutional Affiliation: University of Southern Denmark
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|May 2019||Controlling Tuberculosis? Evidence from the First Community-Wide Health Experiment|
with , , , : w25884
This paper studies the immediate and long-run mortality effects of the first community-based health intervention in the world – the Framingham Health and Tuberculosis Demonstration, 1917-1923. The official evaluation committee and the historical narrative suggest that the demonstration was highly successful in controlling tuberculosis and reducing mortality. Using newly digitized annual cause-of-death data for municipalities in Massachusetts, 1901-1934, and different empirical strategies, we find little evidence to support this positive assessment. In fact, we find that the demonstration did not reduce tuberculosis mortality, all-age mortality, nor infant mortality. These findings contribute to the ongoing debate on whether public-health interventions mattered for the decline in (tuberculo...
Published: Karen Clay & Peter Juul Egedesø & Casper Worm Hansen & Peter Sandholt Jensen & Avery Calkins, 2020. "Controlling tuberculosis? Evidence from the first community-wide health experiment," Journal of Development Economics, vol 146.