María F. Prada

Inter-American Development Bank
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Institutional Affiliation: Inter-American Development Bank

NBER Working Papers and Publications

April 2015The Effect of Mandated Child Care on Female Wages in Chile
with Graciana Rucci, Sergio S. Urzúa: w21080
This paper studies the effect of mandated employer-provided child care on the wages of women hired in large firms in Chile. We use a unique employer-employee database from the country's unemployment insurance (UI) system containing monthly information for all individuals that started a new contract between January 2005 and March 2013. We estimate the impact of the program using regression discontinuity design (RDD) exploiting the fact that child care provision is mandatory for all firms with 20 or more female workers. The results indicate that monthly starting wages of the infra-marginal woman hired in a firm with 20 or more female workers are between 9 and 20 percent below those of female workers hired by the same firm when no requirement of providing child care was imposed.
December 2014One Size does not Fit All: Multiple Dimensions of Ability, College Attendance and Wages
with Sergio S. Urzúa: w20752
We investigate the role of mechanical ability as another dimension that, jointly with cognitive and socio-emotional, affects schooling decisions and labor market outcomes. Using a Roy model with a factor structure and data from the NLSY79, we show that the labor market positively rewards mechanical ability. However, in contrast to the other dimensions, mechanical ability reduces the likelihood of attending four-year college. We find that, on average, for individuals with high levels of mechanical and low levels of cognitive and socio-emotional ability, not attending four-year college is the alternative associated with the highest hourly wage (ages 25-30).

Published: María F. Prada & Sergio Urzúa, 2017. "One Size Does Not Fit All: Multiple Dimensions of Ability, College Attendance, and Earnings," Journal of Labor Economics, vol 35(4), pages 953-991.

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