Jaime de Melo

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NBER Working Papers and Publications

February 2004Christopher L. Gilbert and Panos Varangis Do Pollution Havens Matter?
with Jean-Marie Grether
in Challenges to Globalization: Analyzing the Economics, Robert E. Baldwin and L. Alan Winters, editors
June 2003Globalization and Dirty Industries: Do Pollution Havens Matter?
with Jean-Marie Grether: w9776
This paper reviews arguments and evidence on the impact of globalization on the environment, then presents evidence on production and international trade flows in five heavily polluting industries for 52 countries over the period 1981-98. A new decomposition of revealed comparative advantage (RCA) according to geographical origin reveals a delocalization to the South for all heavily polluting industries except non-ferrous metals that exhibits South-North delocalization in accordance with factor-abundance driven response to a reduction in trade barriers. Panel estimation of a gravity model of bilateral trade on the same data set reveals that, on average, polluting industries have higher barriers-to-trade costs (except non-ferrous metals with significantly lower barriers to trade) and little...
January 1991Industrial Organization and Trade Liberalization: Evidence from Korea
with David Roland-Holst
in Empirical Studies of Commercial Policy, Robert E. Baldwin, editor
April 1989Adjustment and Income Distribution: A Counterfactual Analysis
with Francois Bourguignon, William H. Branson: w2943
This paper presents a structural macro simulation model to quantify the effects of alternative stabilization packages on the distribution of income and wealth. The model combines the explicit microeconomic optimizing behavior characteristic of computable general equilibrium models with asset portfolio behavior of macroeconomic models in Tobin's tradition. In this model there are four main mechanisms by which policy changes affect the distribution of income and wealth. First changes in factor rewards affect directly household income distribution. Second, household real incomes are affected by changes in their respective cost of living indexes. Third, household real incomes are affected by changes in real returns on financial assets since household incomes include income from financial holdi...

Published: Bourguignon, F., W. H. Branson and J. De Melo. "Adjustment And Income Distribution: A Micro-Macro Model For Counter-Factual Analysis," Journal of Development Economics, 1992, v38(1), 17-40.

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