NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Hans van Kippersluis

Erasmus University Rotterdam
P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
The Netherlands

E-Mail: hvankippersluis@ese.eur.nl
Institutional Affiliation: Erasmus University Rotterdam

NBER Working Papers and Publications

January 2018The Effect of Education on Health and Mortality: A Review of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Evidence.
with Titus J. Galama, Adriana Lleras-Muney: w24225
Education is strongly associated with better health and longer lives. However, the extent to which education causes health and longevity is widely debated. We develop a human capital framework to structure the interpretation of the empirical evidence. We then review evidence on the causal effects of education on mortality and its two most common preventable causes: smoking and obesity. We focus attention on evidence from Randomized Controlled Trials, twin studies, and quasi-experiments. There is no convincing evidence of an effect of education on obesity, and the effects on smoking are only apparent when schooling reforms affect individuals’ track or their peer group, but not when they simply increase the duration of schooling. An effect of education on mortality exists in some contexts bu...
 
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