NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
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Daniel B. Jones

Graduate School of Public & International Affairs
University of Pittsburgh
230 S Bouquet St
Pittsburgh, PA 15260

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Institutional Affiliation: University of Pittsburgh

NBER Working Papers and Publications

October 2018Minority Representation in Local Government
with Brian Beach, Tate Twinam, Randall Walsh: w25192
Does minority representation in a legislative body differentially impact outcomes for minorities? To examine this question, we study close elections for California city council seats between white and nonwhite candidates. We find that nonwhite candidates generate differential gains in housing prices in majority nonwhite neighborhoods. This result, which is not explained by correlations between candidate race and political affiliation or neighborhood racial composition and income, suggests that increased representation can reduce racial disparities. Our results strengthen with increased city-level segregation and councilmember pivotality. Regarding mechanisms, we observe changes in business patterns and policing behavior, which may help explain our results.
August 2016How Do Voters Matter? Evidence from US Congressional Redistricting
with Randall Walsh: w22526
How does the partisan composition of an electorate impact the policies adopted by an elected representative? We take advantage of variation in the partisan composition of Congressional districts stemming from Census-initiated redistricting in the 1990’s, 2000’s, and 2010’s. Using this variation, we examine how an increase in Democrat share within a district impacts the district representative’s roll call voting. We find that an increase in Democrat share within a district causes more leftist roll call voting. This occurs because a Democrat is more likely to hold the seat, but also because – in contrast to existing empirical work – partisan composition has a direct effect on the roll call voting of individual representatives. This is true of both Democrats and Republicans. It is also true r...

Published: Daniel B. Jones & Randall Walsh, 2017. "How do voters matter? Evidence from US congressional redistricting," Journal of Public Economics, . citation courtesy of

 
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