NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Papers on Public Economics

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2017
w23264 Paloma Acevedo
Guillermo Cruces
Paul Gertler
Sebastian Martinez

Living Up to Expectations: How Job Training Made Women Better Off and Men Worse Off
w23270 Martin Beraja
Andreas Fuster
Erik Hurst
Joseph Vavra

Regional Heterogeneity and Monetary Policy
w23277 Alec Brandon
Paul J. Ferraro
John A. List
Robert D. Metcalfe
Michael K. Price
Florian Rundhammer

Do The Effects of Social Nudges Persist? Theory and Evidence from 38 Natural Field Experiments
w23278 Enrico Spolaore
Romain Wacziarg

The Political Economy of Heterogeneity and Conflict
w23282 David Card
Stefano DellaVigna

What do Editors Maximize? Evidence from Four Leading Economics Journals
w23286 Hanming Fang
Zenan Wu

Life Insurance and Life Settlement Markets with Overconfident Policyholders
w23244 Timm Bönke
Markus Grabka
Carsten Schröder
Edward N. Wolff

A Head-to-Head Comparison of Augmented Wealth in Germany and the United States
w23247 Mitchell Hoffman
Stephen V. Burks

Training Contracts, Employee Turnover, and the Returns from Firm-sponsored General Training
w23250 Julie Anne Cronin
Don Fullerton
Steven E. Sexton

Vertical and Horizontal Redistributions from a Carbon Tax and Rebate
w23260 Jacquelyn Pless
Arthur A. van Benthem

The Surprising Pass-Through of Solar Subsidies
w23243 Michael Chirico
Robert Inman
Charles Loeffler
John MacDonald
Holger Sieg

Procrastination and Property Tax Compliance: Evidence from a Field Experiment
w23221 Martin S. Feldstein
Why is Growth better in the United States than in other Industrial Countries
w23229 James Andreoni
Nikos Nikiforakis
Jan Stoop

Are the Rich More Selfish than the Poor, or Do They Just Have More Money? A Natural Field Experiment
w23230 Melissa S. Kearney
Phillip B. Levine

The Economics of Non-Marital Childbearing and The "Marriage Premium for Children"
w23232 Zhuan Pei
Jörn-Steffen Pischke
Hannes Schwandt

Poorly Measured Confounders are More Useful on the Left Than on the Right
w23235 Patrick J. Kehoe
Elena Pastorino

Financial Markets and Fiscal Unions
w23214 Julio J. Elias
Nicola Lacetera
Mario Macis
Paola Salardi

Economic Development and the Regulation of Morally Contentious Activities
w23218 Michael L. Anderson
Justin Gallagher
Elizabeth Ramirez Ritchie

School Lunch Quality and Academic Performance
w23192 Alex Hollingsworth
Christopher J. Ruhm
Kosali Simon

Macroeconomic Conditions and Opioid Abuse
w23193 Caroline M. Hoxby
The Returns to Online Postsecondary Education
w23201 Matthew E. Kahn
Is Local Public Sector Rent Extraction Higher in Progressive Cities or High Amenity Cities?
w23171 Daniel I. Rees
Joseph J. Sabia
Laura M. Argys
Joshua Latshaw
Dhaval Dave

With a Little Help from My Friends: The Effects of Naloxone Access and Good Samaritan Laws on Opioid-Related Deaths
w23174 Benjamin U. Friedrich
Martin B. Hackmann

The Returns to Nursing: Evidence from a Parental Leave Program
w23180 Jon Kleinberg
Himabindu Lakkaraju
Jure Leskovec
Jens Ludwig
Sendhil Mullainathan

Human Decisions and Machine Predictions
w23163 Fatih Guvenen
Sam Schulhofer-Wohl
Jae Song
Motohiro Yogo

Worker Betas: Five Facts about Systematic Earnings Risk
w23144 Joshua D. Angrist
Jörn-Steffen Pischke

Undergraduate Econometrics Instruction: Through Our Classes, Darkly
w23159 Daniel M. Hungerman
Kevin J. Rinz
Jay Frymark

Beyond the Classroom: The Implications of School Vouchers for Church Finances
w23168 Eleanor W. Dillon
Christopher T. Stanton

Self-Employment Dynamics and the Returns to Entrepreneurship
w23118 Tiffany Chou
Adam Looney
Tara Watson

Measuring Loan Outcomes at Postsecondary Institutions: Cohort Repayment Rates as an Indicator of Student Success and Institutional Accountability
w23119 Facundo Alvaredo
Lucas Chancel
Thomas Piketty
Emmanuel Saez
Gabriel Zucman

Global Inequality Dynamics: New Findings from WID.world
w23120 Ernesto Dal Bó
Frederico Finan
Olle Folke
Torsten Persson
Johanna Rickne

Who Becomes a Politician?
w23090 Vilsa Curto
Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Jonathan D. Levin
Jay Bhattacharya

Healthcare Spending and Utilization in Public and Private Medicare
w23092 Bradley Heim
Ithai Lurie
Kosali I. Simon

The Impact of the Affordable Care Act Young Adult Provision on Childbearing, Marriage, and Tax Filing Behavior: Evidence from Tax Data
w23100 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Neale Mahoney

Provider Incentives and Healthcare Costs: Evidence from Long-Term Care Hospitals
w23104 Sonia P. Jaffe
Mark Shepard

Price-Linked Subsidies and Health Insurance Markups
w23105 Chien-Yu Lai
Andreas Lange
John A. List
Michael K. Price

The Business of Business is Business: Why (Some) Firms Should Provide Public Goods when they Sell Private Goods
w23111 Daniel J. Benjamin
Kristen Cooper
Ori Heffetz
Miles S. Kimball

Challenges in Constructing a Survey-Based Well-Being Index
w23112 Justine S. Hastings
Jesse M. Shapiro

How Are SNAP Benefits Spent? Evidence from a Retail Panel
w23069 Maya Rossin-Slater
Maternity and Family Leave Policy
w23064 Don Fullerton
Chi L. Ta

Public Finance in a Nutshell: A Cobb Douglas Teaching Tool for General Equilibrium Tax Incidence and Excess Burden
w23070 David A. Keiser
Joseph S. Shapiro

Consequences of the Clean Water Act and the Demand for Water Quality
w23071 Alan Gerber
Mitchell Hoffman
John Morgan
Collin Raymond

One in a Million: Field Experiments on Perceived Closeness of the Election and Voter Turnout
w23076 Hunt Allcott
Christopher Knittel

Are Consumers Poorly-Informed about Fuel Economy? Evidence from Two Experiments
w23084 Jeffrey Clemens
Michael R. Strain

Estimating the Employment Effects of Recent Minimum Wage Changes: Early Evidence, an Interpretative Framework, and a Pre-Commitment to Future Analysis
w23085 Benjamin B. Lockwood
Dmitry Taubinsky

Regressive Sin Taxes
w23054 Hope Corman
Dhaval Dave
Ariel Kalil
Nancy E. Reichman

Effects of Maternal Work Incentives on Youth Crime
w23057 Victor Stango
Joanne Yoong
Jonathan Zinman

The Quest for Parsimony in Behavioral Economics: New Methods and Evidence on Three Fronts
w23027 Alberto Alesina
Stefanie Stantcheva
Edoardo Teso

Intergenerational Mobility and Preferences for Redistribution
w23017 Douglas Almond
Janet Currie
Valentina Duque

Childhood Circumstances and Adult Outcomes: Act II
w23023 Matthew J. Kotchen
Maximizing the Impact of Climate Finance: Funding Projects or Pilot Projects?
w23024 Ryan Kellogg
Gasoline Price Uncertainty and the Design of Fuel Economy Standards
2016
w22996 Brian G. Knight
Nathan M. Schiff

The Out-of-State Tuition Distortion
w23001 Raj Chetty
Nathaniel Hendren

The Impacts of Neighborhoods on Intergenerational Mobility I: Childhood Exposure Effects
w23002 Raj Chetty
Nathaniel Hendren

The Impacts of Neighborhoods on Intergenerational Mobility II: County-Level Estimates
w23015 Joshua Angrist
David Autor
Sally Hudson
Amanda Pallais

Evaluating Post-Secondary Aid: Enrollment, Persistence, and Projected Completion Effects
w23006 Courtney Coile
Mark Duggan
Audrey Guo

To Work for Yourself, for Others, or Not At All? How Disability Benefits Affect the Employment Decisions of Older Veterans
w23007 Jeff Larrimore
Richard V. Burkhauser
Gerald Auten
Philip Armour

Recent Trends in U.S. Top Income Shares in Tax Record Data Using More Comprehensive Measures of Income Including Accrued Capital Gains
w23011 Joachim Hubmer
Per Krusell
Anthony A. Smith
Jr.

The Historical Evolution of the Wealth Distribution: A Quantitative-Theoretic Investigation
w23012 Ori Heffetz
Ted O'Donoghue
Henry S. Schneider

Forgetting and Heterogeneity in Task Delay: Evidence from New York City Parking-Ticket Recipients
w23013 Leonardo Bursztyn
Robert Jensen

Social Image and Economic Behavior in the Field: Identifying, Understanding and Shaping Social Pressure
w23014 Ricardo Reis
Can the Central Bank Alleviate Fiscal Burdens?
w22962 Joshua Graff Zivin
Matthew E. Kahn

Industrial Productivity in a Hotter World: The Aggregate Implications of Heterogeneous Firm Investment in Air Conditioning
w22966 Charles M. Cameron
John M. de Figueiredo
David E. Lewis

Public Sector Personnel Economics: Wages, Promotions, and the Competence-Control Trade-off
w22967 Stephanie R. Cellini
Rajeev Darolia
Lesley J. Turner

Where Do Students Go when For-Profit Colleges Lose Federal Aid?
w22970 C. Adam Bee
Joshua Mitchell

The Hidden Resources of Women Working Longer: Evidence from Linked Survey-Administrative Data
w22977 Partha Deb
Christian A. Gregory

Who Benefits Most from SNAP? A Study of Food Security and Food Spending
w22984 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

A Structural Analysis of the Effects of the Great Recession on Retirement and Working Longer by Members of Two-Earner Households
w22933 William D. Nordhaus
Projections and Uncertainties About Climate Change in an Era of Minimal Climate Policies
w22939 J. Scott Holladay
Jacob LaRiviere
David M. Novgorodsky
Michael Price

Asymmetric Effects of Non-Pecuniary Signals on Search and Purchase Behavior for Energy-Efficient Durable Goods
w22940 Diane Coffey
Michael Geruso
Dean Spears

Sanitation, Disease Externalities, and Anemia: Evidence From Nepal
w22942 Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell

Older Peoples' Willingness to Delay Social Security Claiming
w22945 Thomas Piketty
Emmanuel Saez
Gabriel Zucman

Distributional National Accounts: Methods and Estimates for the United States
w22956 Arik Levinson
Energy Efficiency Standards Are More Regressive Than Energy Taxes: Theory and Evidence
w22903 David Berger
Nicholas Turner
Eric Zwick

Stimulating Housing Markets
w22904 Scott E. Carrell
Michal Kurlaender

Estimating the Productivity of Community Colleges in Paving the Road to Four-Year Success
w22932 Alexander Bolton
John M. de Figueiredo
David E. Lewis

Elections, Ideology, and Turnover in the U.S. Federal Government
w22908 Ufuk Akcigit
Douglas Hanley
Stefanie Stantcheva

Optimal Taxation and R&D Policies
w22910 Raj Chetty
David Grusky
Maximilian Hell
Nathaniel Hendren
Robert Manduca
Jimmy Narang

The Fading American Dream: Trends in Absolute Income Mobility Since 1940
w22911 Mathias Reynaert
James M. Sallee

Corrective Policy and Goodhart's Law: The Case of Carbon Emissions from Automobiles
w22922 Casey B. Mulligan
Automated Economic Reasoning with Quantifier Elimination
w22923 Karthik Muralidharan
Abhijeet Singh
Alejandro J. Ganimian

Disrupting Education? Experimental Evidence on Technology-Aided Instruction in India
w22925 Lucas W. Davis
Christopher R. Knittel

Are Fuel Economy Standards Regressive?
w22928 Rosangela Bando
Francisco Gallego
Paul Gertler
Dario Romero

Books or Laptops? The Cost-Effectiveness of Shifting from Printed to Digital Delivery of Educational Content
w22878 Daniel Green
Brian T. Melzer
Jonathan A. Parker
Arcenis Rojas

Accelerator or Brake? Cash for Clunkers, Household Liquidity, and Aggregate Demand
w22876 Francesco Decarolis
Andrea Guglielmo

Insurers' Response to Selection Risk: Evidence from Medicare Enrollment Reforms
w22881 Julie Berry Cullen
Eric A. Hanushek
Gregory Phelan
Steven G. Rivkin

Performance Information and Personnel Decisions in the Public Sector: The Case of School Principals
w22882 Paolo Sodini
Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh
Roine Vestman
Ulf von Lilienfeld-Toal

Identifying the Benefits from Home Ownership: A Swedish Experiment
w22884 Alex Rees-Jones
Dmitry Taubinsky

Heuristic Perceptions of the Income Tax: Evidence and Implications for Debiasing
w22886 Robert Hahn
Robert D. Metcalfe
David Novgorodsky
Michael K. Price

The Behavioralist as Policy Designer: The Need to Test Multiple Treatments to Meet Multiple Targets
w22888 Annette Alstadsæter
Martin Jacob
Wojciech Kopczuk
Kjetil Telle

Accounting for Business Income in Measuring Top Income Shares: Integrated Accrual Approach Using Individual and Firm Data from Norway
w22892 François Gerard
Miikka Rokkanen
Christoph Rothe

Bounds on Treatment Effects in Regression Discontinuity Designs under Manipulation of the Running Variable, with an Application to Unemployment Insurance in Brazil
w22895 B. Kelsey Jack
Grant Smith

Charging Ahead: Prepaid Electricity Metering in South Africa
w22902 Jonathan Meer
David H. Miller
Elisa Wulfsberg

The Great Recession and Charitable Giving
w22853 Gila Bronshtein
Jason Scott
John B. Shoven
Sita N. Slavov

Leaving Big Money on the Table: Arbitrage Opportunities in Delaying Social Security
w22860 Edward L. Glaeser
Bryce Millett Steinberg

Transforming Cities: Does Urbanization Promote Democratic Change?
w22867 Catherine C. Eckel
David H. Herberich
Jonathan Meer

It's Not the Thought that Counts: A Field Experiment on Gift Exchange and Giving at a Public University
w22845 Tatyana Deryugina
Barrett Kirwan

Does The Samaritan's Dilemma Matter? Evidence From U.S. Agriculture
w22850 David Card
Ana Rute Cardoso
Jörg Heining
Patrick Kline

Firms and Labor Market Inequality: Evidence and Some Theory
w22814 Francesco Decarolis
Giancarlo Spagnolo
Riccardo Pacini

Past Performance and Procurement Outcomes
w22815 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

The Affordable Care Act as Retiree Health Insurance: Implications for Retirement and Social Security Claiming
w22817 Margherita Borella
Mariacristina De Nardi
Fang Yang

The Aggregate Implications of Gender and Marriage
w22818 Joanna Lahey
Ryan Beasley

Technical Aspects of Correspondence Studies
w22821 David P. Baron
Renee Bowen
Salvatore Nunnari

Durable Coalitions and Communication: Public versus Private Negotiations
w22823 David Albouy
Kristian Behrens
Frédéric Robert-Nicoud
Nathan Seegert

The Optimal Distribution of Population across Cities
w22824 James Andreoni
Marta Serra-Garcia

Time-Inconsistent Charitable Giving
w22832 Michael Geruso
Timothy J. Layton
Daniel Prinz

Screening in Contract Design: Evidence from the ACA Health Insurance Exchanges
w22794 George-Marios Angeletos
Fabrice Collard
Harris Dellas

Public Debt as Private Liquidity: Optimal Policy
w22807 Robert S. Pindyck
The Social Cost of Carbon Revisited
w22797 Patrick Bayer
Kerwin Kofi Charles

Divergent Paths: Structural Change, Economic Rank, and the Evolution of Black-White Earnings Differences, 1940-2014
w22798 Emmanuel Saez
Taxing the Rich More: Preliminary Evidence from the 2013 Tax Increase
w22805 Julie Berry Cullen
Cory Koedel
Eric Parsons

The Compositional Effect of Rigorous Teacher Evaluation on Workforce Quality
w22808 Martin R. West
Ludger Woessmann
Philipp Lergetporer
Katharina Werner

How Information Affects Support for Education Spending: Evidence from Survey Experiments in Germany and the United States
w22770 Alan J. Auerbach
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Darryl R. Koehler
Manni Yu

Is Uncle Sam Inducing the Elderly to Retire?
w22772 T. Renee Bowen
George Georgiadis
Nicolas S. Lambert

Collective Choice in Dynamic Public Good Provision
w22773 Hanming Fang
Zenan Wu

Multidimensional Private Information, Market Structure and Insurance Markets
w22776 Yanbo Ge
Christopher R. Knittel
Don MacKenzie
Stephen Zoepf

Racial and Gender Discrimination in Transportation Network Companies
w22778 Conor Clarke
Wojciech Kopczuk

Business Income and Business Taxation in the United States Since the 1950s
w22781 David Card
David S. Lee
Zhuan Pei
Andrea Weber

Regression Kink Design: Theory and Practice
w22782 Gizem Kosar
Robert A. Moffitt

Trends in Cumulative Marginal Tax Rates Facing Low-Income Families, 1997-2007
w22759 Marina Agranov
Thomas R. Palfrey

The Effects of Income Mobility and Tax Persistence on Income Redistribution and Inequality
w22752 Geoffrey Heal
Notes on the Economics of Energy Storage
w22763 Samuel G. Hanson
David S. Scharfstein
Adi Sunderam

Fiscal Risk and the Portfolio of Government Programs
w22731 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Andrey Polbin
Andrey Zubarev

Will the Paris Accord Accelerate Climate Change?
w22733 Louis Kaplow
A Distribution-Neutral Perspective On Tax Expenditure Limitations
w22740 Steven J. Davis
An Index of Global Economic Policy Uncertainty
w22742 Benjamin J. Keys
Jialan Wang

Minimum Payments and Debt Paydown in Consumer Credit Cards
w22745 Leemore Dafny
Christopher Ody
Matthew Schmitt

When Discounts Raise Costs: The Effect of Copay Coupons on Generic Utilization
w22711 Will Dobbie
Paul Goldsmith-Pinkham
Neale Mahoney
Jae Song

Bad Credit, No Problem? Credit and Labor Market Consequences of Bad Credit Reports
w22713 Judith Scott-Clayton
Lauren Schudde

Performance Standards in Need-Based Student Aid
w22717 Vanya Horneff
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell

Putting the Pension Back in 401(k) Plans: Optimal versus Default Longevity Income Annuities
w22722 Robert Gordon
David Joulfaian
James M. Poterba

Choosing Between an Estate Tax and a Basis Carryover Regime: Evidence from 2010
w22684 Mathias Dolls
Philipp Doerrenberg
Andreas Peichl
Holger Stichnoth

Do Savings Increase in Response to Salient Information about Retirement and Expected Pensions?
w22687 Yoko Niimi
Charles Yuji Horioka

The Impact of Intergenerational Transfers on Household Wealth Inequality in Japan and the United States
w22690 David M. Cutler
Wei Huang
Adriana Lleras-Muney

Economic Conditions and Mortality: Evidence from 200 Years of Data
w22700 Maya Rossin-Slater
Miriam Wüst

What is the Added Value of Preschool? Long-term Impacts and Interactions with a Health Intervention
w22664 Emmanuel Saez
Stefanie Stantcheva

A Simpler Theory of Optimal Capital Taxation
w22669 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Atul Gupta

Is American Pet Health Care (Also) Uniquely Inefficient?
w22671 Robert French
Philip Oreopoulos

Applying Behavioral Economics to Public Policy in Canada
w22673 Nicola Lacetera
Incentives and Ethics in the Economics of Body Parts
w22676 Pol Antràs
Alonso de Gortari
Oleg Itskhoki

Globalization, Inequality and Welfare
w22680 Joanna Lahey
Understanding why black women are not working longer
w22682 Marianne Bitler
Hilary Hoynes
Elira Kuka

Child Poverty, the Great Recession, and the Social Safety Net in the United States
w22638 Marco Di Maggio
Amir Kermani
Christopher Palmer

How Quantitative Easing Works: Evidence on the Refinancing Channel
w22646 Dominik Sachs
Aleh Tsyvinski
Nicolas Werquin

Nonlinear Tax Incidence and Optimal Taxation in General Equilibrium
w22648 Manudeep Bhuller
Gordon B. Dahl
Katrine V. Løken
Magne Mogstad

Incarceration, Recidivism and Employment
w22657 Eric A. Hanushek
Guido Schwerdt
Simon Wiederhold
Ludger Woessmann

Coping with Change: International Differences in the Returns to Skills
w22658 Allison Shertzer
Tate Twinam
Randall P. Walsh

Zoning and the Economic Geography of Cities
w22612 Benjamin L. Collier
Andrew F. Haughwout
Howard C. Kunreuther
Erwann O. Michel-Kerjan
Michael A. Stewart

Firm Age and Size and the Financial Management of Infrequent Shocks
w22620 Kayleigh Barnes
Arnab Mukherji
Patrick Mullen
Neeraj Sood

Financial Risk Protection from Social Health Insurance
w22621 Francis DiTraglia
Camilo García-Jimeno

A Framework for Eliciting, Incorporating, and Disciplining Identification Beliefs in Linear Models
w22625 Marco Di Maggio
Amir Kermani

The Importance of Unemployment Insurance as an Automatic Stabilizer
w22627 Peter Cohen
Robert Hahn
Jonathan Hall
Steven Levitt
Robert Metcalfe

Using Big Data to Estimate Consumer Surplus: The Case of Uber
w22632 Julio J. Elias
Nicola Lacetera
Mario Macis

Efficiency-Morality Trade-Offs in Repugnant Transactions: A Choice Experiment
w22585 Jesse Rothstein
Till von Wachter

Social Experiments in the Labor Market
w22589 Glenn Ellison
Parag A. Pathak

The Efficiency of Race-Neutral Alternatives to Race-Based Affirmative Action: Evidence from Chicago's Exam Schools
w22600 Mark Shepard
Hospital Network Competition and Adverse Selection: Evidence from the Massachusetts Health Insurance Exchange
w22601 John F. Helliwell
Aneta Bonikowska
Hugh Shiplett

Migration as a Test of the Happiness Set Point Hypothesis: Evidence from Immigration to Canada
w22602 Debraj Ray
Arthur Robson

Certified Random: A New Order for Co-Authorship
w22608 François Gerard
Gustavo Gonzaga

Informal Labor and the Efficiency Cost of Social Programs: Evidence from the Brazilian Unemployment Insurance Program
w22610 Samuel R. Bondurant
Jason M. Lindo
Isaac D. Swensen

Substance Abuse Treatment Centers and Local Crime
w22606 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell

Older Women's Labor Market Attachment, Retirement Planning, and Household Debt
w22553 Brian Beach
Werner Troesken
Nicola Tynan

Who Should Own and Control Urban Water Systems? Historical Evidence from England and Wales
w22556 Kirk Hamilton
John F. Helliwell
Michael Woolcock

Social Capital, Trust and Well-being in the Evaluation of Wealth
w22558 Anna Aizer
Janet Currie
Peter Simon
Patrick Vivier

Do Low Levels of Blood Lead Reduce Children's Future Test Scores?
w22561 Dayanand S. Manoli
Andrea Weber

The Effects of the Early Retirement Age on Retirement Decisions
w22563 Francesco D’Acunto
Daniel Hoang
Michael Weber

The Effect of Unconventional Fiscal Policy on Consumption Expenditure
w22564 Johannes F. Schmieder
Till von Wachter

The Effects of Unemployment Insurance Benefits: New Evidence and Interpretation
w22566 Stefano DellaVigna
Devin Pope

Predicting Experimental Results: Who Knows What?
w22568 Benjamin Hansen
Glen R. Waddell

Legal Access to Alcohol and Criminality
w22571 Mitchell Hoffman
Elizabeth Lyons

A Time to Make Laws and a Time to Fundraise? On the Relation between Salaries and Time Use for State Politicians
w22575 Bryan S. Graham
Identifying and Estimating Neighborhood Effects
w22577 Shu Wang
David Merriman
Frank J. Chaloupka

Relative Tax Rates, Proximity and Cigarette Tax Noncompliance: Evidence from a National Sample of Littered Cigarette Packs
w22580 Don Fullerton
Nirupama S. Rao

The Lifecycle of the 47%
w22583 Marika Cabral
Mark R. Cullen

Estimating the Value of Public Insurance Using Complementary Private Insurance
w22524 Antony Millner
Geoffrey Heal

Collective Intertemporal Choice: the Possibility of Time Consistency
w22526 Daniel B. Jones
Randall Walsh

How Do Voters Matter? Evidence from US Congressional Redistricting
w22530 Stefan Pichler
Nicolas R. Ziebarth

The Pros and Cons of Sick Pay Schemes: Testing for Contagious Presenteeism and Noncontagious Absenteeism Behavior
w22536 Kyle C. Meng
Estimating Path Dependence in Energy Transitions
w22537 Gilbert E. Metcalf
The Impact of Removing Tax Preferences for U.S. Oil and Natural Gas Production: Measuring Tax Subsidies by an Equivalent Price Impact Approach
w22540 Pauline Leung
Alexandre Mas

Employment Effects of the ACA Medicaid Expansions
w22545 Dmitry Taubinsky
Alex Rees-Jones

Attention Variation and Welfare: Theory and Evidence from a Tax Salience Experiment
w22549 Simon Halphen Boserup
Wojciech Kopczuk
Claus Thustrup Kreiner

Born with a Silver Spoon? Danish Evidence on Wealth Inequality in Childhood
w22507 Zhao Chen
Matthew E. Kahn
Yu Liu
Zhi Wang

The Consequences of Spatially Differentiated Water Pollution Regulation in China
w22502 Will S. Dobbie
Roland G. Fryer
Jr

Charter Schools and Labor Market Outcomes
w22504 Christopher J. Ruhm
Taking the Measure of a Fatal Drug Epidemic
w22511 Will Dobbie
Jacob Goldin
Crystal Yang

The Effects of Pre-Trial Detention on Conviction, Future Crime, and Employment: Evidence from Randomly Assigned Judges
w22487 Steven D. Levitt
Heads or Tails: The Impact of a Coin Toss on Major Life Decisions and Subsequent Happiness
w22499 Satadru Das
Naci Mocan

Analyzing the Impact of the World's Largest Public Works Project on Crime
w22472 Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman

Dynamic Effects of Teacher Turnover on the Quality of Instruction
w22455 Jonathan D. Cohen
Keith Marzilli Ericson
David Laibson
John Myles White

Measuring Time Preferences
w22457 T. Renee Bowen
Ying Chen
Hülya K. Eraslan
Jan Zápal

Efficiency of Flexible Budgetary Institutions
w22462 Matthew Weinzierl
Popular Acceptance of Inequality due to Brute Luck and Support for Classical Benefit-Based Taxation
w22458 Dirk Krueger
Kurt Mitman
Fabrizio Perri

On the Distribution of the Welfare Losses of Large Recessions
w22467 Hans-Werner Sinn
Buffering Volatility: A Study on the Limits of Germany's Energy Revolution
w22470 Dajun Lin
Randall Lutter
Christopher J. Ruhm

Cognitive Performance and Labor Market Outcomes
w22440 Michael Geruso
Demand Heterogeneity in Insurance Markets: Implications for Equity and Efficiency
w22443 Eric Avis
Claudio Ferraz
Frederico Finan

Do Government Audits Reduce Corruption? Estimating the Impacts of Exposing Corrupt Politicians
w22446 Joshua D. Gottlieb
Richard R. Townsend
Ting Xu

Experimenting with Entrepreneurship: The Effect of Job-Protected Leave
w22447 Ioana Marinescu
The General Equilibrium Impacts of Unemployment Insurance: Evidence from a Large Online Job Board
w22450 John F. Helliwell
Haifang Huang
Shun Wang

New Evidence on Trust and Well-being
w22452 Nicole Maestas
Kathleen J. Mullen
David Powell

The Effect of Population Aging on Economic Growth, the Labor Force and Productivity
w22417 Nava Ashraf
Natalie Bau
Nathan Nunn
Alessandra Voena

Bride Price and Female Education
w22408 Michael Keen
Joel Slemrod

Optimal Tax Administration
w22411 Andrew C. Johnston
Alexandre Mas

Potential Unemployment Insurance Duration and Labor Supply: The Individual and Market-Level Response to a Benefit Cut
w22419 Kathleen Mullen
Stefan Staubli

Disability Benefit Generosity and Labor Force Withdrawal
w22420 Jean-Noel Barrot
Ramana Nanda

Can Paying Firms Quicker Affect Aggregate Employment?
w22424 Alan Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

Distributional Effects of Means Testing Social Security: Income Versus Wealth
w22425 Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato
Philippe Wingender

Estimating Local Fiscal Multipliers
w22398 C. Kirabo Jackson
Alexey Makarin

Can Online Off-The-Shelf Lessons Improve Student Outcomes? Evidence from A Field Experiment
w22376 Marius Brülhart
Jonathan Gruber
Matthias Krapf
Kurt Schmidheiny

Taxing Wealth: Evidence from Switzerland
w22363 Amanda E. Kowalski
Doing More When You're Running LATE: Applying Marginal Treatment Effect Methods to Examine Treatment Effect Heterogeneity in Experiments
w22369 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Paul Schrimpf

Bunching at the Kink: Implications for Spending Responses to Health Insurance Contracts
w22373 George Wehby
Dhaval Dave
Robert Kaestner

Effects of the Minimum Wage on Infant Health
w22347 Eric Bettinger
Oded Gurantz
Laura Kawano
Bruce Sacerdote

The Long Run Impacts of Merit Aid: Evidence from California's Cal Grant
w22353 David Besanko
David Dranove
Craig Garthwaite

Insurance and the High Prices of Pharmaceuticals
w22359 Alisdair McKay
Ricardo Reis

Optimal Automatic Stabilizers
w22318 Olesya Fomenko
Jonathan Gruber

Claims-Shifting: The Problem of Parallel Reimbursement Regimes
w22319 Dirk Krueger
Kurt Mitman
Fabrizio Perri

Macroeconomics and Household Heterogeneity
w22321 Jeffrey Brinkman
Daniele Coen-Pirani
Holger Sieg

The Political Economy of Underfunded Municipal Pension Plans
w22316 Greer K. Gosnell
John A. List
Robert Metcalfe

A New Approach to an Age-Old Problem: Solving Externalities by Incenting Workers Directly
w22330 Harold Cole
Daniel Neuhann
Guillermo Ordoñez

Debt Crises: For Whom the Bell Tolls
w22344 Christina DePasquale
Kevin Stange

Labor Supply Effects of Occupational Regulation: Evidence from the Nurse Licensure Compact
w22303 Roberton C. Williams III
Environmental Taxation
w22301 James R. Hines Jr.
Niklas Potrafke
Marina Riem
Christoph Schinke

Inter Vivos Transfers of Ownership in Family Firms
w22305 Casey B. Mulligan
Kevin K. Tsui

The Upside-down Economics of Regulated and Otherwise Rigid Prices
w22312 Michal Bauer
Christopher Blattman
Julie Chytilová
Joseph Henrich
Edward Miguel
Tamar Mitts

Can War Foster Cooperation?
w22314 Solomon Hsiang
Nitin Sekar

Does Legalization Reduce Black Market Activity? Evidence from a Global Ivory Experiment and Elephant Poaching Data
w22288 Carlos Dobkin
Amy Finkelstein
Raymond Kluender
Matthew J. Notowidigdo

The Economic Consequences of Hospital Admissions
w22292 Kenneth Lee
Edward Miguel
Catherine Wolfram

Experimental Evidence on the Demand for and Costs of Rural Electrification
w22295 Emmanuel Farhi
Matteo Maggiori

A Model of the International Monetary System
w22257 Stefano DellaVigna
Attila Lindner
Balázs Reizer
Johannes F. Schmieder

Reference-Dependent Job Search: Evidence from Hungary
w22258 Michael Bailey
Ruiqing Cao
Theresa Kuchler
Johannes Stroebel

Social Networks and Housing Markets
w22260 Rodney J. Andrews
Scott A. Imberman
Michael F. Lovenheim

Recruiting and Supporting Low-Income, High-Achieving Students at Flagship Universities
w22269 Marc A. C. Hafstead
Roberton C. Williams III

Unemployment and Environmental Regulation in General Equilibrium
w22272 Tatyana Deryugina
The Fiscal Cost of Hurricanes: Disaster Aid Versus Social Insurance
w22277 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Maria Polyakova

Private Provision of Social Insurance: Drug-specific Price Elasticities and Cost Sharing in Medicare Part D
w22281 Sharat Ganapati
Joseph S. Shapiro
Reed Walker

The Incidence of Carbon Taxes in U.S. Manufacturing: Lessons from Energy Cost Pass-Through
w22240 Cuicui Chen
Richard J. Zeckhauser

Collective Action in an Asymmetric World
w22246 Matthew J. Kotchen
Which Social Cost of Carbon? A Theoretical Perspective
w22249 Norma B. Coe
Jing Guo
R. Tamara Konetzka
Courtney Harold Van Houtven

What is the Marginal Benefit of Payment-Induced Family Care?
w22255 Kyle C. Meng
Using a Free Permit Rule to Forecast the Marginal Abatement Cost of Proposed Climate Policy
w22221 Mitchell Hoffman
Gianmarco León
María Lombardi

Compulsory Voting, Turnout, and Government Spending: Evidence from Austria
w22222 C. Kirabo Jackson
The Effect of Single-Sex Education on Test Scores, School Completion, Arrests, and Teen Motherhood: Evidence from School Transitions
w22226 C. Kirabo Jackson
What Do Test Scores Miss? The Importance of Teacher Effects on Non-Test Score Outcomes
w22227 Maya Rossin-Slater
Miriam Wüst

Parental Responses to Child Support Obligations: Evidence from Administrative Data
w22234 James C. Cox
John A. List
Michael Price
Vjollca Sadiraj
Anya Samek

Moral Costs and Rational Choice: Theory and Experimental Evidence
w22193 Stefano DellaVigna
Devin Pope

What Motivates Effort? Evidence and Expert Forecasts
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John Cawley
Jutta Viinikainen
Terho Lehtimäki
Suvi Rovio
Ilkka Seppälä
Jaakko Pehkonen
Olli Raitakari

The Effect of Weight on Labor Market Outcomes: an Application of Genetic Instrumental Variables
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Roland Bénabou

Image Versus Information: Changing Societal Norms and Optimal Privacy
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Timothy McQuade

Who Wants Affordable Housing in their Backyard? An Equilibrium Analysis of Low Income Property Development
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Thomas Leoni

Disability policies: Reform strategies in a comparative perspective
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Petra Persson

The Long-term Consequences of Teacher Discretion in Grading of High-stakes Tests
w22209 Jeffrey Hoopes
Patrick Langetieg
Stefan Nagel
Daniel Reck
Joel Slemrod
Bryan Stuart

Who Sold During the Crash of 2008-9? Evidence from Tax-Return Data on Daily Sales of Stock
w22213 Molly Frean
Jonathan Gruber
Benjamin D. Sommers

Premium Subsidies, the Mandate, and Medicaid Expansion: Coverage Effects of the Affordable Care Act
w22167 Abhijit Banerjee
Sylvain Chassang
Erik Snowberg

Decision Theoretic Approaches to Experiment Design and External Validity
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Borja Larrain
Clemens Sialm
José Tessada

Coordinated Noise Trading: Evidence from Pension Fund Reallocations
w22163 Gabriel Chodorow-Reich
Loukas Karabarbounis

The Limited Macroeconomic Effects of Unemployment Benefit Extensions
w22126 Michael J. Kottelenberg
Steven F. Lehrer

Targeted or Universal Coverage? Assessing Heterogeneity in the Effects of Universal Childcare
w22127 Susan Dynarski
Judith Scott-Clayton

Tax Benefits for College Attendance
w22132 Daniel K. Fetter
Lee M. Lockwood

Government Old-Age Support and Labor Supply: Evidence from the Old Age Assistance Program
w22124 Edward L. Glaeser
Andrew Hillis
Scott Duke Kominers
Michael Luca

Crowdsourcing City Government: Using Tournaments to Improve Inspection Accuracy
w22109 Umut Dur
Parag A. Pathak
Tayfun Sönmez

Explicit vs. Statistical Preferential Treatment in Affirmative Action: Theory and Evidence from Chicago's Exam Schools
w22090 Robert Gordon
David Joulfaian
James Poterba

Revenue and Incentive Effects of Basis Step-Up at Death: Lessons from the 2010 "Voluntary" Estate Tax Regime
w22088 Rhiannon Jerch
Matthew E. Kahn
Shanjun Li

Efficient Local Government Service Provision: The Role of Privatization and Public Sector Unions
w22099 Tova Levin
Steven D. Levitt
John A. List

A Glimpse into the World of High Capacity Givers: Experimental Evidence from a University Capital Campaign
w22076 Florian Scheuer
Iván Werning

Mirrlees meets Diamond-Mirrlees
w22080 Hilary Hoynes
Jesse Rothstein

Tax Policy Toward Low-Income Families
w22084 Hanming Fang
Qing Gong

Detecting Potential Overbilling in Medicare Reimbursement via Hours Worked
w22052 Dhaval M. Dave
Hope Corman
Nancy Reichman

Effects of Welfare Reform on Women's Voting Participation
w22055 Brian Knight
Ana Tribin

The Limits of Propaganda: Evidence from Chavez's Venezuela
w22061 Derek Laing
Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman
Jason Ward

Decentralized Governance and the Quality of School Leadership
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Christopher R. Knittel
James M. Sallee
Arthur A. van Benthem

Sufficient Statistics for Imperfect Externality-Correcting Policies
w22065 Patrick Bayer
Kyle Mangum
James W. Roberts

Speculative Fever: Investor Contagion in the Housing Bubble
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Susan Dynarski
Kenneth Frank
Barbara Schneider

Are Expectations Alone Enough? Estimating the Effect of a Mandatory College-Prep Curriculum in Michigan
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Randall Reback
Leigh Wedenoja

How Does Access to Health Care Affect Teen Fertility and High School Dropout Rates? Evidence from School-based Health Centers
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Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Darryl R. Koehler

U.S. Inequality, Fiscal Progressivity, and Work Disincentives: An Intragenerational Accounting
w22033 Jonathan Meer
Does Fundraising Create New Giving?
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John A. List
Ulrike Malmendier
Gautam Rao

Estimating Social Preferences and Gift Exchange at Work
w22047 Pablo Kurlat
The Social Value of Financial Expertise
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Judit Vall Castelló
Ioana Marinescu

Can Fixed-Term Contracts Put Low Skilled Youth on a Better Career Path? Evidence from Spain
w22004 Patrick Bayer
Fernando Ferreira
Stephen L. Ross

What Drives Racial and Ethnic Differences in High Cost Mortgages? The Role of High Risk Lenders
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Katsunori Yamada

Income-comparison Attitudes in the US and the UK: Evidence from Discrete-choice Experiments
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Ozkan Eren
Naci Mocan

Judges, Juveniles and In-group Bias
w22007 Dan Cao
Iván Werning

Dynamic Savings Choices with Disagreements
w22011 Julien Lafortune
Jesse Rothstein
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

School Finance Reform and the Distribution of Student Achievement
w21991 Richard V. Burkhauser
Nicolas Hérault
Stephen P. Jenkins
Roger Wilkins

What has Been Happening to UK Income Inequality Since the Mid-1990s? Answers from Reconciled and Combined Household Survey and Tax Return Data
w21990 Sanders Korenman
Dahlia K. Remler

Including Health Insurance in Poverty Measurement: The Impact of Massachusetts Health Reform on Poverty
w21961 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Jonah Rockoff

Using Lagged Outcomes to Evaluate Bias in Value-Added Models
w21963 Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato
Xiao Yu Wang
Shuang Zhang

The Limits of Meritocracy: Screening Bureaucrats Under Imperfect Verifiability
w21966 Nicholas Z. Muller
Paul Ruud

What Forces Dictate the Design of Pollution Monitoring Networks?
w21968 David A. Bielen
Richard G. Newell
William A. Pizer

Who Did the Ethanol Tax Credit Benefit? An Event Analysis of Subsidy Incidence
w21927 Benjamin B. Lockwood
Matthew C. Weinzierl

Positive and Normative Judgments Implicit in U.S. Tax Policy, and the Costs of Unequal Growth and Recessions
w21928 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Julia Cagé
William R. Kerr

Taxation, Corruption, and Growth
w21929 John Cawley
Andrew S. Hanks
David R. Just
Brian Wansink

Incentivizing Nutritious Diets: A Field Experiment of Relative Price Changes and How They are Framed
w21934 James Andreoni
Michael A. Kuhn
Larry Samuelson

Starting Small: Endogenous Stakes and Rational Cooperation
w21936 Raj Chetty
Nathaniel Hendren
Frina Lin
Jeremy Majerovitz
Benjamin Scuderi

Childhood Environment and Gender Gaps in Adulthood
w21951 Harvey S. Rosen
Alexander J. W. Sappington

To Borrow or Not to Borrow? An Analysis of University Leverage Decisions
w21900 Leonard Goff
John F. Helliwell
Guy Mayraz

The Welfare Costs of Well-being Inequality
w21903 Gary D. Libecap
Coasean Bargaining to Address Environmental Externalities
w21904 John Guyton
Dayanand S. Manoli
Brenda Schafer
Michael Sebastiani

Reminders & Recidivism: Evidence from Tax Filing & EITC Participation among Low-Income Nonfilers
w21915 Michael Kremer
Jack Willis

Guns, Latrines, and Land Reform: Private Expectations and Public Policy
w21912 Matthew E. Kahn
Nils Kok
Peng Liu

Is California More Energy Efficient than the Rest of the Nation? Evidence from Commercial Real Estate
w21916 David Albouy
Mike Zabek

Housing Inequality
w21917 Mariacristina De Nardi
Giulio Fella
Gonzalo Paz Pardo

The Implications of Richer Earnings Dynamics for Consumption and Wealth
w21873 Margherita Borella
Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French

Who Receives Medicaid in Old Age? Rules and Reality
w21875 John A. List
Azeem M. Shaikh
Yang Xu

Multiple Hypothesis Testing in Experimental Economics
w21876 Eric Zwick
James Mahon

Tax Policy and Heterogeneous Investment Behavior
w21877 Arthur Alik-Lagrange
Martin Ravallion

Social Frictions to Knowledge Diffusion: Evidence from an Information Intervention
w21889 Eric Budish
Benjamin N. Roin
Heidi L. Williams

Patents and Research Investments: Assessing the Empirical Evidence
w21896 Simon H. Boserup
Wojciech Kopczuk
Claus T. Kreiner

The Role of Bequests in Shaping Wealth Inequality: Evidence from Danish Wealth Records
w21843 Emmanuel Farhi
Jean Tirole

Deadly Embrace: Sovereign and Financial Balance Sheets Doom Loops
w21848 Xavier Gabaix
Behavioral Macroeconomics Via Sparse Dynamic Programming
w21849 Eli Berman
Mitch Downey
Joseph Felter

Expanding Governance as Development: Evidence on Child Nutrition in the Philippines
w21851 Alexander Gelber
Timothy Moore
Alexander Strand

The Effect of Disability Insurance Payments on Beneficiaries' Earnings

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