NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Papers on Public Economics

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2017
w24092 Jasmina Hasanhodzic
Laurence J. Kotlikoff

Valuing Government Obligations When Markets are Incomplete
w24093 Mario J. Crucini
Nam T. Vu

Did the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Help Those Most in Need? A County-Level Analysis
w24096 Xavier Gabaix
Behavioral Inattention
w24100 Cathy J. Bradley
David Neumark
Lauryn Saxe Walker

The Effect of Primary Care Visits on Health Care Utilization: Findings from a Randomized Controlled Trial
w24101 Jeffrey R. Brown
Arie Kapteyn
Erzo F.P. Luttmer
Olivia S. Mitchell
Anya Samek

Behavioral Impediments to Valuing Annuities: Evidence on the Effects of Complexity and Choice Bracketing
w24103 Sébastien Houde
Joseph E. Aldy

The Efficiency Consequences of Heterogeneous Behavioral Responses to Energy Fiscal Policies
w24107 Janna E. Johnson
Morris M. Kleiner

Is Occupational Licensing a Barrier to Interstate Migration?
w24108 Anusha Chari
Ryan Leary
Toan Phan

The Costs of (sub)Sovereign Default Risk: Evidence from Puerto Rico
w24062 Alexander M. Bell
Raj Chetty
Xavier Jaravel
Neviana Petkova
John Van Reenen

Who Becomes an Inventor in America? The Importance of Exposure to Innovation
w24065 Xi Chen
Lipeng Hu
Jody L. Sindelar

Leaving Money on the Table? Suboptimal Enrollment in the New Social Pension Program in China
w24072 Tatyana Deryugina
Solomon Hsiang

The Marginal Product of Climate
w24073 Gene Amromin
Mariacristina De Nardi
Karl Schulze

Household Inequality and the Consumption Response to Aggregate Real Shocks
w24075 James Andreoni
Paul Feldman
Charles Sprenger

A Stream of Prospects or a Prospect of Streams: On the Evaluation of Intertemporal Risks
w24091 Michael Bailey
Eduardo Dávila
Theresa Kuchler
Johannes Stroebel

House Price Beliefs And Mortgage Leverage Choice
w24049 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Matthieu Lequien
Stefanie Stantcheva

Tax Simplicity and Heterogeneous Learning
w24055 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein

Moral Hazard in Health Insurance: What We Know and How We Know It
w24060 Benjamin M. Marx
Lesley J. Turner

Student Loan Nudges: Experimental Evidence on Borrowing and Educational Attainment
w24026 Amitabh Chandra
Craig Garthwaite
Ariel Dora Stern

Characterizing the Drug Development Pipeline for Precision Medicines
w24035 Amitabh Chandra
Douglas O. Staiger

Identifying Sources of Inefficiency in Health Care
w24037 Casey B. Mulligan
The Employer Penalty, Voluntary Compliance, and the Size Distribution of Firms: Evidence from a Survey of Small Businesses
w24038 Sungchul Park
Anirban Basu
Norma Coe
Fahad Khalil

Service-level Selection: Strategic Risk Selection in Medicare Advantage in Response to Risk Adjustment
w24042 Itzik Fadlon
Torben Heien Nielsen

Family Health Behaviors
w24003 Alberto Abadie
Susan Athey
Guido W. Imbens
Jeffrey Wooldridge

When Should You Adjust Standard Errors for Clustering?
w23994 Amine Ouazad
Romain Rancière

City Equilibrium with Borrowing Constraints: Structural Estimation and General Equilibrium Effects
w23995 Kerry Anne McGeary
Dhaval M. Dave
Brandy J. Lipton
Timothy Roeper

Impact of Comprehensive Smoking Bans on the Health of Infants and Children
w23996 Stefano DellaVigna
Matthew Gentzkow

Uniform Pricing in US Retail Chains
w24002 Kenneth Brevoort
Daniel Grodzicki
Martin B. Hackmann

Medicaid and Financial Health
w23974 Richard G. Newell
Brian C. Prest

Informing SPR Policy Through Oil Futures and Inventory Dynamics
w23972 Margherita Borella
Mariacristina De Nardi
Fang Yang

Marriage-Related Policies in an Estimated Life-Cycle Model of Households' Labor Supply and Savings for Two Cohorts
w23965 Jeffrey Clemens
Benedic Ippolito

Implications of Medicaid Financing Reform for State Government Budgets
w23872 James Andreoni
The Benefits and Costs of Donor Advised Funds
w23963 Mariacristina De Nardi
Svetlana Pashchenko
Ponpoje Porapakkarm

The Lifetime Costs of Bad Health
w23969 Juin-Jen Chang
Ching-Chong Lai
Ping Wang

A Tale of Two Cities: Cross-Border Casino Competition Between Detroit and Windsor
w23976 Emmanuel Saez
Benjamin Schoefer
David Seim

Payroll Taxes, Firm Behavior, and Rent Sharing: Evidence from a Young Workers' Tax Cut in Sweden
w23978 Maria Paula Gerardino
Stephan Litschig
Dina Pomeranz

Can Audits Backfire? Evidence from Public Procurement in Chile
w23980 Alex Rees-Jones
Dmitry Taubinsky

Taxing Humans: Pitfalls of the Mechanism Design Approach and Potential Resolutions
w23952 Qihua Qiu
Jaesang Sung
Will Davis
Rusty Tchernis

Using Spatial Factor Analysis to Measure Human Development
w23954 Jonathan Chapman
Mark Dean
Pietro Ortoleva
Erik Snowberg
Colin Camerer

Willingness to Pay and Willingness to Accept are Probably Less Correlated Than You Think
w23957 Karthik Muralidharan
Paul Niehaus

Experimentation at Scale
w23920 Jonathan A. Parker
Nicholas S. Souleles

Reported Preference vs. Revealed Preference: Evidence from the Propensity to Spend Tax Rebates
w23923 Jessamyn Schaller
Lisa Schulkind
Teny Maghakian Shapiro

The Effects of Perceived Disease Risk and Access Costs on Infant Immunization
w23940 Graham Beattie
Ruben Durante
Brian Knight
Ananya Sen

Advertising Spending and Media Bias: Evidence from News Coverage of Car Safety Recalls
w23903 Youssef Benzarti
How Taxing Is Tax Filing? Using Revealed Preferences to Estimate Compliance Costs.
w23904 Eoin McGuirk
Nathaniel Hilger
Nicholas Miller

No Kin In The Game: Moral Hazard and War in the U.S. Congress
w23905 Nathaniel Hilger
All Together Now: Leveraging Firms to Increase Worker Productivity Growth
w23907 Raymond Fisman
Keith Gladstone
Ilyana Kuziemko
Suresh Naidu

Do Americans Want to Tax Capital? Evidence from Online Surveys
w23908 Fiona Burlig
Christopher Knittel
David Rapson
Mar Reguant
Catherine Wolfram

Machine Learning from Schools about Energy Efficiency
w23914 David H. Autor
Christopher J. Palmer
Parag A. Pathak

Gentrification and the Amenity Value of Crime Reductions: Evidence from Rent Deregulation
w23919 Marina Halac
Pierre Yared

Fiscal Rules and Discretion under Self-Enforcement
w23867 Abhijit Banerjee
Sylvain Chassang
Sergio Montero
Erik Snowberg

A Theory of Experimenters
w23873 Shawn Kantor
Carl Kitchens
Steven Pawlowski

Civil Asset Forfeiture, Crime, and Police Incentives: Evidence from the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984
w23876 Michael Geruso
Timothy Layton

Selection in Health Insurance Markets and Its Policy Remedies
w23881 Alan J. Auerbach
Demystifying the Destination-Based Cash-Flow Tax
w23882 Solomon Hsiang
Paulina Oliva
Reed Walker

The Distribution of Environmental Damages
w23887 Louis Kaplow
Optimal Regulation with Exemptions
w23892 Joseph E. Stiglitz
Pareto Efficient Taxation and Expenditures: Pre- and Re-distribution
w23891 Joshua D. Angrist
Sydnee Caldwell
Jonathan V. Hall

Uber vs. Taxi: A Driver's Eye View
w23839 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

Longitudinal Determinants of End-of-Life Wealth Inequality
w23842 Caroline S. Bennette
Anirban Basu
Scott D. Ramsey
Zachary Helms
Peter B. Bach

Returns to Pharmaceutical Innovation in the Market for Oral Chemotherapy in Response to Insurance Coverage Expansion
w23844 Danny Yagan
Employment Hysteresis from the Great Recession
w23848 Youssef Benzarti
Dorian Carloni

Who Really Benefits from Consumption Tax Cuts? Evidence from a Large VAT Reform in France.
w23849 Youssef Benzarti
Dorian Carloni
Jarkko Harju
Tuomas Kosonen

What Goes Up May Not Come Down: Asymmetric Incidence of Value-Added Taxes
w23860 Jeffrey T. Denning
Benjamin M. Marx
Lesley J. Turner

ProPelled: The Effects of Grants on Graduation, Earnings, and Welfare
w23807 Nava Ashraf
Edward Glaeser
Abraham Holland
Bryce Millett Steinberg

Water, Health and Wealth
w23811 Ashley C. Craig
Roland G. Fryer
Jr

Complementary Bias: A Model of Two-Sided Statistical Discrimination
w23817 Pablo Kurlat
Florian Scheuer

Signaling to Experts
w23823 Petra Persson
Attention Manipulation and Information Overload
w23833 Edward Glaeser
Joseph Gyourko

The Economic Implications of Housing Supply
w23838 Karthik Muralidharan
Paul Niehaus
Sandip Sukhtankar

General Equilibrium Effects of (Improving) Public Employment Programs: Experimental Evidence from India
w23806 Joao Guerreiro
Sergio Rebelo
Pedro Teles

Should Robots be Taxed?
w23772 Annette Alstadsæter
Niels Johannesen
Gabriel Zucman

Tax Evasion and Inequality
w23779 Angela K. Dills
Sietse Goffard
Jeffrey Miron

The Effects of Marijuana Liberalizations: Evidence from Monitoring the Future
w23789 Alan J. Auerbach
Yuriy Gorodnichenko

Fiscal Stimulus and Fiscal Sustainability
w23791 Lucija Muehlenbachs
Stefan Staubli
Ziyan Chu

The Accident Externality from Trucking
w23793 Anna Raute
Can Financial Incentives Reduce the Baby Gap? Evidence from a Reform in Maternity Leave Benefits
w23805 Annette Alstadsæter
Niels Johannesen
Gabriel Zucman

Who Owns the Wealth in Tax Havens? Macro Evidence and Implications for Global Inequality
w23758 Jeffrey Clemens
Benedic Ippolito

Uncompensated Care and the Collapse of Hospital Payment Regulation: An Illustration of the Tinbergen Rule
w23761 John F. Helliwell
Lara B. Aknin
Hugh Shiplett
Haifang Huang
Shun Wang

Social Capital and Prosocial Behaviour as Sources of Well-Being
w23729 John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov
David A. Wise

Social Security Claiming Decisions: Survey Evidence
w23733 Randall Akee
Maggie R. Jones
Sonya R. Porter

Race Matters: Income Shares, Income Inequality, and Income Mobility for All U.S. Races
w23736 David J. Deming
Christopher R. Walters

The Impact of Price Caps and Spending Cuts on U.S. Postsecondary Attainment
w23677 Don Fullerton
Erich Muehlegger

Who Bears the Economic Costs of Environmental Regulations?
w23678 Panle Jia Barwick
Shengmao Cao
Shanjun Li

Local Protectionism, Market Structure, and Social Welfare: China's Automobile Market
w23682 Adam I. Biener
John Cawley
Chad Meyerhoefer

The Medical Care Costs of Youth Obesity: An Instrumental Variables Approach
w23691 Werner Troesken
Randall Walsh

Collective Action, White Flight, and the Origins of Formal Segregation Laws
w23694 Greg Kaplan
Kurt Mitman
Giovanni L. Violante

The Housing Boom and Bust: Model Meets Evidence
w23706 Andreas Fuster
Stephanie H. Lo
Paul S. Willen

The Time-Varying Price of Financial Intermediation in the Mortgage Market
w23709 Naci H. Mocan
Han Yu

Can Superstition Create a Self-Fulfilling Prophecy? School Outcomes of Dragon Children of China
w23712 Filip Novokmet
Thomas Piketty
Gabriel Zucman

From Soviets to Oligarchs: Inequality and Property in Russia, 1905-2016
w23714 Sara Markowitz
Kelli A. Komro
Melvin D. Livingston
Otto Lenhart
Alexander C. Wagenaar

Effects of State-Level Earned Income Tax Credit Laws in the U.S. on Maternal Health Behaviors and Infant Health Outcomes
w23718 Amy Finkelstein
Neale Mahoney
Matthew J. Notowidigdo

What Does (Formal) Health Insurance Do, and For Whom?
w23722 Charles Courtemanche
Andrew Friedson
Andrew P. Koller
Daniel I. Rees

The Affordable Care Act and Ambulance Response Times
w23646 William D. Nordhaus
Andrew Moffat

A Survey of Global Impacts of Climate Change: Replication, Survey Methods, and a Statistical Analysis
w23648 Frank N. Caliendo
Aspen Gorry
Sita Slavov

Survival Ambiguity and Welfare
w23653 Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato
Owen M. Zidar

The Structure of State Corporate Taxation and its Impact on State Tax Revenues and Economic Activity
w23655 Bruce D. Meyer
James X. Sullivan

Consumption and Income Inequality in the U.S. Since the 1960s
w23659 Andres Drenik
Ricardo Perez-Truglia

Sympathy for the Diligent and the Demand for Workfare
w23665 Scott R. Baker
Stephanie Johnson
Lorenz Kueng

Shopping for Lower Sales Tax Rates
w23668 Amy Finkelstein
Nathaniel Hendren
Mark Shepard

Subsidizing Health Insurance for Low-Income Adults: Evidence from Massachusetts
w23674 Levon Barseghyan
Stephen Coate

On the Dynamics of Community Development
w23624 Benjamin R. Handel
Igal Hendel
Michael D. Whinston

The Welfare Effects of Long-Term Health Insurance Contracts
w23625 Victor Stango
Joanne Yoong
Jonathan Zinman

Quicksand or Bedrock for Behavioral Economics? Assessing Foundational Empirical Questions
w23631 Marcelo L. Bérgolo
Rodrigo Ceni
Guillermo Cruces
Matias Giaccobasso
Ricardo Perez-Truglia

Tax Audits as Scarecrows: Evidence from a Large-Scale Field Experiment
w23632 Benjamin Hansen
Keaton Miller
Caroline Weber

The Taxation of Recreational Marijuana: Evidence from Washington State
w23633 Lorenzo Almada
Ian McCarthy

It's a Cruel Summer: Household Responses to Reductions in Government Nutrition Assistance
w23634 Stefanie Fischer
Heather Royer
Corey White

The Impacts of Reduced Access to Abortion and Family Planning Services on Abortion, Births, and Contraceptive Purchases
w23600 Jonathan Gruber
Amalie Jensen
Henrik Kleven

Do People Respond to the Mortage Interest Deduction? Quasi-Experimental Evidence from Denmark
w23607 Mark Duggan
Gopi Shah Goda
Emilie Jackson

The Effects of the Affordable Care Act on Health Insurance Coverage and Labor Market Outcomes
w23608 Michael Bailey
Ruiqing (Rachel) Cao
Theresa Kuchler
Johannes Stroebel
Arlene Wong

Measuring Social Connectedness
w23609 Peter Ganong
Daniel W. Shoag

Why Has Regional Income Convergence in the U.S. Declined?
w23610 James J. Heckman
Margaret L. Holland
Kevin K. Makino
Rodrigo Pinto
Maria Rosales-Rueda

An Analysis of the Memphis Nurse-Family Partnership Program
w23615 Nicolas L. Bottan
Ricardo Perez-Truglia

Choosing Your Pond: Measuring Preferences for Relative Consumption
w23618 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Emmanuel Saez
Nicholas Turner
Danny Yagan

Mobility Report Cards: The Role of Colleges in Intergenerational Mobility
w23619 Hugh Macartney
John D. Singleton

School Boards and Student Segregation
w23620 Itzik Fadlon
David Laibson

Paternalism and Pseudo-Rationality
w23573 Ozkan Eren
Naci Mocan

Juvenile Punishment, High School Graduation and Adult Crime: Evidence from Idiosyncratic Judge Harshness
w23575 Rodney J. Andrews
Scott A. Imberman
Michael F. Lovenheim

Risky Business? The Effect of Majoring in Business on Earnings and Educational Attainment
w23579 Benjamin L. Collier
Daniel Schwartz
Howard C. Kunreuther
Erwann O. Michel-Kerjan

Risk Preferences in Small and Large Stakes: Evidence from Insurance Contract Decisions
w23583 Germán Gutiérrez
Thomas Philippon

Declining Competition and Investment in the U.S.
w23587 Matthew Weinzierl
A Welfarist Role for Nonwelfarist Rules: An example with envy
w23591 Eli P. Fenichel
Matthew J. Kotchen
Ethan T. Addicott

Even the Representative Agent Must Die: Using Demographics to Inform Long-Term Social Discount Rates
w23551 Shanthi Ramnath
John B. Shoven
Sita Nataraj Slavov

Pathways to Retirement through Self-Employment
w23552 Mark Aguiar
Mark Bils
Kerwin Kofi Charles
Erik Hurst

Leisure Luxuries and the Labor Supply of Young Men
w23566 Jason Abaluck
Abi Adams

What Do Consumers Consider Before They Choose? Identification from Asymmetric Demand Responses
w23534 Andrés F. Barrientos
Alexander Bolton
Tom Balmat
Jerome P. Reiter
John M. de Figueiredo
Ashwin Machanavajjhala
Yan Chen
Charles Kneifel
Mark DeLong

A Framework for Sharing Confidential Research Data, Applied to Investigating Differential Pay by Race in the U. S. Government
w23535 Daniel McFadden
Foundations of Welfare Economics and Product Market Applications
w23544 Michael L. Anderson
Jeremy Magruder

Split-Sample Strategies for Avoiding False Discoveries
w23518 Timothy Layton
Alice K. Ndikumana
Mark Shepard

Health Plan Payment in Medicaid Managed Care: A Hybrid Model of Regulated Competition
w23489 Rucker C. Johnson
C. Kirabo Jackson

Reducing Inequality Through Dynamic Complementarity: Evidence from Head Start and Public School Spending
w23498 William N. Evans
Daniel Fitzgerald

The Economic and Social Outcomes of Refugees in the United States: Evidence from the ACS
w23506 Sita Slavov
Devon Gorry
Aspen Gorry
Frank N. Caliendo

Social Security and Saving: An Update
w23509 Aleh Tsyvinski
Nicolas Werquin

Generalized Compensation Principle
w23465 Martha J. Bailey
Jason M. Lindo

Access and Use of Contraception and Its Effects on Women's Outcomes in the U.S.
w23461 Steven W. Hemelt
Brian Jacob

Differentiated Accountability and Education Production: Evidence from NCLB Waivers
w23466 David Autor
Andreas Ravndal Kostol
Magne Mogstad
Bradley Setzler

Disability Benefits, Consumption Insurance, and Household Labor Supply
w23468 Juan Pablo Atal
Hanming Fang
Martin Karlsson
Nicolas R. Ziebarth

Exit, Voice or Loyalty? An Investigation into Mandated Portability of Front-Loaded Private Health Plans
w23472 Manasi Deshpande
Yue Li

Who Is Screened Out? Application Costs and the Targeting of Disability Programs
w23473 Daniel Garrett
Andrey Ordin
James W. Roberts
Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato

Tax Advantages and Imperfect Competition in Auctions for Municipal Bonds
w23478 Andrew Bacher-Hicks
Mark J. Chin
Thomas J. Kane
Douglas O. Staiger

An Evaluation of Bias in Three Measures of Teacher Quality: Value-Added, Classroom Observations, and Student Surveys
w23483 Tatyana Deryugina
Alexander MacKay
Julian Reif

The Long-Run Dynamics of Electricity Demand: Evidence from Municipal Aggregation
w23445 Michael F. Lovenheim
Patrick Walsh

Does Choice Increase Information? Evidence from Online School Search Behavior
w23444 Timothy Layton
Ellen J. Montz
Mark Shepard

Health Plan Payment in U.S. Marketplaces: Regulated Competition with a Weak Mandate
w23452 Tomasz Piskorski
Alexei Tchistyi

An Equilibrium Model of Housing and Mortgage Markets with State-Contingent Lending Contracts
w23453 Holger Sieg
Yu Wang

The Impact of Student Debt on Education, Career, and Marriage Choices of Female Lawyers
w23411 Elif C. Arbatli
Steven J. Davis
Arata Ito
Naoko Miake
Ikuo Saito

Policy Uncertainty In Japan
w23414 Leonardo Bursztyn
Bruno Ferman
Stefano Fiorin
Martin Kanz
Gautam Rao

Status Goods: Experimental Evidence from Platinum Credit Cards
w23417 Akshaya Jha
Nicholas Z. Muller

Handle with Care: The Local Air Pollution Costs of Coal Storage.
w23436 A. Mitchell Polinsky
Paul N. Riskind

Deterrence and the Optimal Use of Prison, Parole, and Probation
w23405 Kevin Milligan
Tammy Schirle

Push and Pull: Disability Insurance, Regional Labor Markets, and Benefit Generosity in Canada and the United States
w23406 Thomas Le Barbanchon
Roland Rathelot
Alexandra Roulet

Unemployment Insurance and Reservation Wages: Evidence from Administrative Data
w23408 Melissa S. Kearney
Riley Wilson

Male Earnings, Marriageable Men, and Nonmarital Fertility: Evidence from the Fracking Boom
w23379 George-Marios Angeletos
Chen Lian

Dampening General Equilibrium: From Micro to Macro
w23380 Hilary Hoynes
Mark Stabile

How do the U.S and Canadian Social Safety Nets Compare for Women and Children?
w23386 Hunt Allcott
Michael Greenstone

Measuring the Welfare Effects of Residential Energy Efficiency Programs
w23388 Ioana Popovici
Johanna Catherine Maclean
Michael T. French

The Effects of Health Insurance Parity Laws for Substance Use Disorder Treatment on Traffic Fatalities: Evidence of Unintended Benefits
w23391 Christopher L. House
Ana-Maria Mocanu
Matthew D. Shapiro

Stimulus Effects of Investment Tax Incentives: Production versus Purchases
w23392 Anna Aizer
Janet Currie

Lead and Juvenile Delinquency: New Evidence from Linked Birth, School and Juvenile Detention Records
w23346 Ian Martin
Robert S. Pindyck

Averting Catastrophes that Kill
w23349 K.E. McConnell
Juha V. Siikamäki
V. Kerry Smith

A Strategy for Evaluating the Opportunity Cost of Time Estimates from New Choice Margins
w23350 Michael Carlos Best
Jonas Hjort
David Szakonyi

Individuals and Organizations as Sources of State Effectiveness, and Consequences for Policy
w23352 James Andreoni
Satisfaction Guaranteed: When Moral Hazard meets Moral Preferences
w23353 Steve Cicala
Ethan M.J. Lieber
Victoria Marone

Cost of Service Regulation in U.S. Health Care: Minimum Medical Loss Ratios
w23355 John A. List
Robert D. Metcalfe
Michael K. Price
Florian Rundhammer

Harnessing Policy Complementarities to Conserve Energy: Evidence from a Natural Field Experiment
w23356 Jeffrey R. Brown
Jiekun Huang

All the President's Friends: Political Access and Firm Value
w23360 Dennis Epple
Richard Romano
Sinan Sarpça
Holger Sieg
Melanie Zaber

Market Power and Price Discrimination in the U.S. Market for Higher Education
w23361 Jean-François Houde
Peter Newberry
Katja Seim

Economies of Density in E-Commerce: A Study of Amazon's Fulfillment Center Network
w23362 Alexander M. Gelber
Damon Jones
Daniel W. Sacks
Jae Song

Using Kinked Budget Sets to Estimate Extensive Margin Responses: Method and Evidence from the Social Security Earnings Test
w23366 Scott Cunningham
Jason M. Lindo
Caitlin Myers
Andrea Schlosser

How Far Is Too Far? New Evidence on Abortion Clinic Closures, Access, and Abortions
w23368 Thomas Piketty
Li Yang
Gabriel Zucman

Capital Accumulation, Private Property and Rising Inequality in China, 1978-2015
w23370 Laura Alfaro
Fabio Kanczuk

Fiscal Rules and Sovereign Default
w23372 David S. Jacks
Krishna Pendakur
Hitoshi Shigeoka

Infant Mortality and the Repeal of Federal Prohibition
w23333 Rachel Baker
Eric Bettinger
Brian Jacob
Ioana Marinescu

The Effect of Labor Market Information on Community College Students' Major Choice
w23334 John Cawley
Damien de Walque
Daniel Grossman

The Effect of Stress on Later-Life Health: Evidence from the Vietnam Draft
w23335 Luigi Butera
John A. List

An Economic Approach to Alleviate the Crises of Confidence in Science: With an Application to the Public Goods Game
w23336 Stuart Adam
David Phillips
Barra Roantree

35 Years of Reforms: A Panel Analysis of the Incidence of, and Employee and Employer Responses to, Social Security Contributions in the UK
w23326 Seungwoo Chin
Matthew E. Kahn
Hyungsik Roger Moon

Estimating the Gains from New Rail Transit Investment: A Machine Learning Tree Approach
w23329 Alan J. Auerbach
Kerwin K. Charles
Courtney C. Coile
William Gale
Dana Goldman
Ronald Lee
Charles M. Lucas
Peter R. Orszag
Louise M. Sheiner
Bryan Tysinger
David N. Weil
Justin Wolfers
Rebeca Wong

How the Growing Gap in Life Expectancy May Affect Retirement Benefits and Reforms
w23307 James M. Poterba
Steven F. Venti
David A. Wise

The Long Reach of Education: Health, Wealth, and DI Participation
w23310 Irem Demirci
Jennifer Huang
Clemens Sialm

Government Debt and Corporate Leverage: International Evidence
w23313 Dhaval Dave
Bo Feng
Michael F. Pesko

The Effects of E-Cigarette Minimum Legal Sale Age Laws on Youth Substance Use
w23319 William D. Nordhaus
Evolution of Assessments of the Economics of Global Warming: Changes in the DICE model, 1992 - 2017
w23321 Fatih Guvenen
Greg Kaplan

Top Income Inequality in the 21st Century: Some Cautionary Notes
w23264 Paloma Acevedo
Guillermo Cruces
Paul Gertler
Sebastian Martinez

Living Up to Expectations: How Job Training Made Women Better Off and Men Worse Off
w23270 Martin Beraja
Andreas Fuster
Erik Hurst
Joseph Vavra

Regional Heterogeneity and Monetary Policy
w23277 Alec Brandon
Paul J. Ferraro
John A. List
Robert D. Metcalfe
Michael K. Price
Florian Rundhammer

Do The Effects of Social Nudges Persist? Theory and Evidence from 38 Natural Field Experiments
w23278 Enrico Spolaore
Romain Wacziarg

The Political Economy of Heterogeneity and Conflict
w23282 David Card
Stefano DellaVigna

What do Editors Maximize? Evidence from Four Leading Economics Journals
w23286 Hanming Fang
Zenan Wu

Life Insurance and Life Settlement Markets with Overconfident Policyholders
w23244 Timm Bönke
Markus Grabka
Carsten Schröder
Edward N. Wolff

A Head-to-Head Comparison of Augmented Wealth in Germany and the United States
w23247 Mitchell Hoffman
Stephen V. Burks

Training Contracts, Employee Turnover, and the Returns from Firm-sponsored General Training
w23250 Julie Anne Cronin
Don Fullerton
Steven E. Sexton

Vertical and Horizontal Redistributions from a Carbon Tax and Rebate
w23260 Jacquelyn Pless
Arthur A. van Benthem

The Surprising Pass-Through of Solar Subsidies
w23243 Michael Chirico
Robert Inman
Charles Loeffler
John MacDonald
Holger Sieg

Procrastination and Property Tax Compliance: Evidence from a Field Experiment
w23221 Martin S. Feldstein
Why is Growth better in the United States than in other Industrial Countries
w23229 James Andreoni
Nikos Nikiforakis
Jan Stoop

Are the Rich More Selfish than the Poor, or Do They Just Have More Money? A Natural Field Experiment
w23230 Melissa S. Kearney
Phillip B. Levine

The Economics of Non-Marital Childbearing and The "Marriage Premium for Children"
w23232 Zhuan Pei
Jörn-Steffen Pischke
Hannes Schwandt

Poorly Measured Confounders are More Useful on the Left Than on the Right
w23235 Patrick J. Kehoe
Elena Pastorino

Financial Markets and Fiscal Unions
w23214 Julio J. Elias
Nicola Lacetera
Mario Macis
Paola Salardi

Economic Development and the Regulation of Morally Contentious Activities
w23218 Michael L. Anderson
Justin Gallagher
Elizabeth Ramirez Ritchie

School Lunch Quality and Academic Performance
w23192 Alex Hollingsworth
Christopher J. Ruhm
Kosali Simon

Macroeconomic Conditions and Opioid Abuse
w23193 Caroline M. Hoxby
The Returns to Online Postsecondary Education
w23201 Matthew E. Kahn
Is Local Public Sector Rent Extraction Higher in Progressive Cities or High Amenity Cities?
w23171 Daniel I. Rees
Joseph J. Sabia
Laura M. Argys
Joshua Latshaw
Dhaval Dave

With a Little Help from My Friends: The Effects of Naloxone Access and Good Samaritan Laws on Opioid-Related Deaths
w23174 Benjamin U. Friedrich
Martin B. Hackmann

The Returns to Nursing: Evidence from a Parental Leave Program
w23180 Jon Kleinberg
Himabindu Lakkaraju
Jure Leskovec
Jens Ludwig
Sendhil Mullainathan

Human Decisions and Machine Predictions
w23163 Fatih Guvenen
Sam Schulhofer-Wohl
Jae Song
Motohiro Yogo

Worker Betas: Five Facts about Systematic Earnings Risk
w23144 Joshua D. Angrist
Jörn-Steffen Pischke

Undergraduate Econometrics Instruction: Through Our Classes, Darkly
w23159 Daniel M. Hungerman
Kevin J. Rinz
Jay Frymark

Beyond the Classroom: The Implications of School Vouchers for Church Finances
w23168 Eleanor W. Dillon
Christopher T. Stanton

Self-Employment Dynamics and the Returns to Entrepreneurship
w23118 Tiffany Chou
Adam Looney
Tara Watson

Measuring Loan Outcomes at Postsecondary Institutions: Cohort Repayment Rates as an Indicator of Student Success and Institutional Accountability
w23119 Facundo Alvaredo
Lucas Chancel
Thomas Piketty
Emmanuel Saez
Gabriel Zucman

Global Inequality Dynamics: New Findings from WID.world
w23120 Ernesto Dal Bó
Frederico Finan
Olle Folke
Torsten Persson
Johanna Rickne

Who Becomes a Politician?
w23090 Vilsa Curto
Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Jonathan D. Levin
Jay Bhattacharya

Healthcare Spending and Utilization in Public and Private Medicare
w23092 Bradley Heim
Ithai Lurie
Kosali I. Simon

The Impact of the Affordable Care Act Young Adult Provision on Childbearing, Marriage, and Tax Filing Behavior: Evidence from Tax Data
w23100 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Neale Mahoney

Provider Incentives and Healthcare Costs: Evidence from Long-Term Care Hospitals
w23104 Sonia P. Jaffe
Mark Shepard

Price-Linked Subsidies and Health Insurance Markups
w23105 Chien-Yu Lai
Andreas Lange
John A. List
Michael K. Price

The Business of Business is Business: Why (Some) Firms Should Provide Public Goods when they Sell Private Goods
w23111 Daniel J. Benjamin
Kristen Cooper
Ori Heffetz
Miles S. Kimball

Challenges in Constructing a Survey-Based Well-Being Index
w23112 Justine S. Hastings
Jesse M. Shapiro

How Are SNAP Benefits Spent? Evidence from a Retail Panel
w23069 Maya Rossin-Slater
Maternity and Family Leave Policy
w23064 Don Fullerton
Chi L. Ta

Public Finance in a Nutshell: A Cobb Douglas Teaching Tool for General Equilibrium Tax Incidence and Excess Burden
w23070 David A. Keiser
Joseph S. Shapiro

Consequences of the Clean Water Act and the Demand for Water Quality
w23071 Alan Gerber
Mitchell Hoffman
John Morgan
Collin Raymond

One in a Million: Field Experiments on Perceived Closeness of the Election and Voter Turnout
w23076 Hunt Allcott
Christopher Knittel

Are Consumers Poorly Informed about Fuel Economy? Evidence from Two Experiments
w23084 Jeffrey Clemens
Michael R. Strain

Estimating the Employment Effects of Recent Minimum Wage Changes: Early Evidence, an Interpretative Framework, and a Pre-Commitment to Future Analysis
w23085 Benjamin B. Lockwood
Dmitry Taubinsky

Regressive Sin Taxes
w23054 Hope Corman
Dhaval Dave
Ariel Kalil
Nancy E. Reichman

Effects of Maternal Work Incentives on Youth Crime
w23057 Victor Stango
Joanne Yoong
Jonathan Zinman

The Quest for Parsimony in Behavioral Economics: New Methods and Evidence on Three Fronts
w23027 Alberto Alesina
Stefanie Stantcheva
Edoardo Teso

Intergenerational Mobility and Support for Redistribution
w23017 Douglas Almond
Janet Currie
Valentina Duque

Childhood Circumstances and Adult Outcomes: Act II
w23023 Matthew J. Kotchen
Maximizing the Impact of Climate Finance: Funding Projects or Pilot Projects?
w23024 Ryan Kellogg
Gasoline Price Uncertainty and the Design of Fuel Economy Standards
2016
w22996 Brian G. Knight
Nathan M. Schiff

The Out-of-State Tuition Distortion
w23001 Raj Chetty
Nathaniel Hendren

The Impacts of Neighborhoods on Intergenerational Mobility I: Childhood Exposure Effects
w23002 Raj Chetty
Nathaniel Hendren

The Impacts of Neighborhoods on Intergenerational Mobility II: County-Level Estimates
w23015 Joshua Angrist
David Autor
Sally Hudson
Amanda Pallais

Evaluating Post-Secondary Aid: Enrollment, Persistence, and Projected Completion Effects
w23006 Courtney Coile
Mark Duggan
Audrey Guo

To Work for Yourself, for Others, or Not At All? How Disability Benefits Affect the Employment Decisions of Older Veterans
w23007 Jeff Larrimore
Richard V. Burkhauser
Gerald Auten
Philip Armour

Recent Trends in U.S. Top Income Shares in Tax Record Data Using More Comprehensive Measures of Income Including Accrued Capital Gains
w23011 Joachim Hubmer
Per Krusell
Anthony A. Smith
Jr.

The Historical Evolution of the Wealth Distribution: A Quantitative-Theoretic Investigation
w23012 Ori Heffetz
Ted O'Donoghue
Henry S. Schneider

Forgetting and Heterogeneity in Task Delay: Evidence from New York City Parking-Ticket Recipients
w23013 Leonardo Bursztyn
Robert Jensen

Social Image and Economic Behavior in the Field: Identifying, Understanding and Shaping Social Pressure
w23014 Ricardo Reis
Can the Central Bank Alleviate Fiscal Burdens?
w22962 Joshua Graff Zivin
Matthew E. Kahn

Industrial Productivity in a Hotter World: The Aggregate Implications of Heterogeneous Firm Investment in Air Conditioning
w22966 Charles M. Cameron
John M. de Figueiredo
David E. Lewis

Public Sector Personnel Economics: Wages, Promotions, and the Competence-Control Trade-off
w22967 Stephanie R. Cellini
Rajeev Darolia
Lesley J. Turner

Where Do Students Go when For-Profit Colleges Lose Federal Aid?
w22970 C. Adam Bee
Joshua Mitchell

The Hidden Resources of Women Working Longer: Evidence from Linked Survey-Administrative Data
w22977 Partha Deb
Christian A. Gregory

Who Benefits Most from SNAP? A Study of Food Security and Food Spending
w22984 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

A Structural Analysis of the Effects of the Great Recession on Retirement and Working Longer by Members of Two-Earner Households
w22933 William D. Nordhaus
Projections and Uncertainties About Climate Change in an Era of Minimal Climate Policies
w22939 J. Scott Holladay
Jacob LaRiviere
David M. Novgorodsky
Michael Price

Asymmetric Effects of Non-Pecuniary Signals on Search and Purchase Behavior for Energy-Efficient Durable Goods
w22940 Diane Coffey
Michael Geruso
Dean Spears

Sanitation, Disease Externalities, and Anemia: Evidence From Nepal
w22942 Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell

Older Peoples' Willingness to Delay Social Security Claiming
w22945 Thomas Piketty
Emmanuel Saez
Gabriel Zucman

Distributional National Accounts: Methods and Estimates for the United States
w22956 Arik Levinson
Energy Efficiency Standards Are More Regressive Than Energy Taxes: Theory and Evidence
w22903 David Berger
Nicholas Turner
Eric Zwick

Stimulating Housing Markets
w22904 Scott E. Carrell
Michal Kurlaender

Estimating the Productivity of Community Colleges in Paving the Road to Four-Year Success
w22932 Alexander Bolton
John M. de Figueiredo
David E. Lewis

Elections, Ideology, and Turnover in the U.S. Federal Government
w22908 Ufuk Akcigit
Douglas Hanley
Stefanie Stantcheva

Optimal Taxation and R&D Policies
w22910 Raj Chetty
David Grusky
Maximilian Hell
Nathaniel Hendren
Robert Manduca
Jimmy Narang

The Fading American Dream: Trends in Absolute Income Mobility Since 1940
w22911 Mathias Reynaert
James M. Sallee

Corrective Policy and Goodhart's Law: The Case of Carbon Emissions from Automobiles
w22922 Casey B. Mulligan
Automated Economic Reasoning with Quantifier Elimination
w22923 Karthik Muralidharan
Abhijeet Singh
Alejandro J. Ganimian

Disrupting Education? Experimental Evidence on Technology-Aided Instruction in India
w22925 Lucas W. Davis
Christopher R. Knittel

Are Fuel Economy Standards Regressive?
w22928 Rosangela Bando
Francisco Gallego
Paul Gertler
Dario Romero

Books or Laptops? The Cost-Effectiveness of Shifting from Printed to Digital Delivery of Educational Content
w22878 Daniel Green
Brian T. Melzer
Jonathan A. Parker
Arcenis Rojas

Accelerator or Brake? Cash for Clunkers, Household Liquidity, and Aggregate Demand
w22876 Francesco Decarolis
Andrea Guglielmo

Insurers' Response to Selection Risk: Evidence from Medicare Enrollment Reforms
w22881 Julie Berry Cullen
Eric A. Hanushek
Gregory Phelan
Steven G. Rivkin

Performance Information and Personnel Decisions in the Public Sector: The Case of School Principals
w22882 Paolo Sodini
Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh
Roine Vestman
Ulf von Lilienfeld-Toal

Identifying the Benefits from Home Ownership: A Swedish Experiment
w22884 Alex Rees-Jones
Dmitry Taubinsky

Heuristic Perceptions of the Income Tax: Evidence and Implications for Debiasing
w22886 Robert Hahn
Robert D. Metcalfe
David Novgorodsky
Michael K. Price

The Behavioralist as Policy Designer: The Need to Test Multiple Treatments to Meet Multiple Targets
w22888 Annette Alstadsæter
Martin Jacob
Wojciech Kopczuk
Kjetil Telle

Accounting for Business Income in Measuring Top Income Shares: Integrated Accrual Approach Using Individual and Firm Data from Norway
w22892 François Gerard
Miikka Rokkanen
Christoph Rothe

Bounds on Treatment Effects in Regression Discontinuity Designs under Manipulation of the Running Variable, with an Application to Unemployment Insurance in Brazil
w22895 B. Kelsey Jack
Grant Smith

Charging Ahead: Prepaid Electricity Metering in South Africa
w22902 Jonathan Meer
David H. Miller
Elisa Wulfsberg

The Great Recession and Charitable Giving
w22853 Gila Bronshtein
Jason Scott
John B. Shoven
Sita N. Slavov

Leaving Big Money on the Table: Arbitrage Opportunities in Delaying Social Security
w22860 Edward L. Glaeser
Bryce Millett Steinberg

Transforming Cities: Does Urbanization Promote Democratic Change?
w22867 Catherine C. Eckel
David H. Herberich
Jonathan Meer

It's Not the Thought that Counts: A Field Experiment on Gift Exchange and Giving at a Public University
w22845 Tatyana Deryugina
Barrett Kirwan

Does The Samaritan's Dilemma Matter? Evidence From U.S. Agriculture
w22850 David Card
Ana Rute Cardoso
Jörg Heining
Patrick Kline

Firms and Labor Market Inequality: Evidence and Some Theory
w22814 Francesco Decarolis
Giancarlo Spagnolo
Riccardo Pacini

Past Performance and Procurement Outcomes
w22815 Alan L. Gustman
Thomas L. Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

The Affordable Care Act as Retiree Health Insurance: Implications for Retirement and Social Security Claiming
w22817 Margherita Borella
Mariacristina De Nardi
Fang Yang

The Aggregate Implications of Gender and Marriage
w22818 Joanna Lahey
Ryan Beasley

Technical Aspects of Correspondence Studies
w22821 David P. Baron
Renee Bowen
Salvatore Nunnari

Durable Coalitions and Communication: Public versus Private Negotiations
w22823 David Albouy
Kristian Behrens
Frédéric Robert-Nicoud
Nathan Seegert

The Optimal Distribution of Population across Cities
w22824 James Andreoni
Marta Serra-Garcia

Time-Inconsistent Charitable Giving
w22832 Michael Geruso
Timothy J. Layton
Daniel Prinz

Screening in Contract Design: Evidence from the ACA Health Insurance Exchanges
w22794 George-Marios Angeletos
Fabrice Collard
Harris Dellas

Public Debt as Private Liquidity: Optimal Policy
w22807 Robert S. Pindyck
The Social Cost of Carbon Revisited
w22797 Patrick Bayer
Kerwin Kofi Charles

Divergent Paths: Structural Change, Economic Rank, and the Evolution of Black-White Earnings Differences, 1940-2014
w22798 Emmanuel Saez
Taxing the Rich More: Preliminary Evidence from the 2013 Tax Increase
w22805 Julie Berry Cullen
Cory Koedel
Eric Parsons

The Compositional Effect of Rigorous Teacher Evaluation on Workforce Quality
w22808 Martin R. West
Ludger Woessmann
Philipp Lergetporer
Katharina Werner

How Information Affects Support for Education Spending: Evidence from Survey Experiments in Germany and the United States
w22770 Alan J. Auerbach
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Darryl R. Koehler
Manni Yu

Is Uncle Sam Inducing the Elderly to Retire?
w22772 T. Renee Bowen
George Georgiadis
Nicolas S. Lambert

Collective Choice in Dynamic Public Good Provision
w22773 Hanming Fang
Zenan Wu

Multidimensional Private Information, Market Structure and Insurance Markets
w22776 Yanbo Ge
Christopher R. Knittel
Don MacKenzie
Stephen Zoepf

Racial and Gender Discrimination in Transportation Network Companies
w22778 Conor Clarke
Wojciech Kopczuk

Business Income and Business Taxation in the United States Since the 1950s
w22781 David Card
David S. Lee
Zhuan Pei
Andrea Weber

Regression Kink Design: Theory and Practice
w22782 Gizem Kosar
Robert A. Moffitt

Trends in Cumulative Marginal Tax Rates Facing Low-Income Families, 1997-2007
w22759 Marina Agranov
Thomas R. Palfrey

The Effects of Income Mobility and Tax Persistence on Income Redistribution and Inequality
w22752 Geoffrey Heal
Notes on the Economics of Energy Storage
w22763 Samuel G. Hanson
David S. Scharfstein
Adi Sunderam

Fiscal Risk and the Portfolio of Government Programs
w22731 Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Andrey Polbin
Andrey Zubarev

Will the Paris Accord Accelerate Climate Change?
w22733 Louis Kaplow
A Distribution-Neutral Perspective On Tax Expenditure Limitations
w22740 Steven J. Davis
An Index of Global Economic Policy Uncertainty
w22742 Benjamin J. Keys
Jialan Wang

Minimum Payments and Debt Paydown in Consumer Credit Cards
w22745 Leemore Dafny
Christopher Ody
Matthew Schmitt

When Discounts Raise Costs: The Effect of Copay Coupons on Generic Utilization
w22711 Will Dobbie
Paul Goldsmith-Pinkham
Neale Mahoney
Jae Song

Bad Credit, No Problem? Credit and Labor Market Consequences of Bad Credit Reports
w22713 Judith Scott-Clayton
Lauren Schudde

Performance Standards in Need-Based Student Aid
w22717 Vanya Horneff
Raimond Maurer
Olivia S. Mitchell

Putting the Pension Back in 401(k) Plans: Optimal versus Default Longevity Income Annuities
w22722 Robert Gordon
David Joulfaian
James M. Poterba

Choosing Between an Estate Tax and a Basis Carryover Regime: Evidence from 2010
w22684 Mathias Dolls
Philipp Doerrenberg
Andreas Peichl
Holger Stichnoth

Do Savings Increase in Response to Salient Information about Retirement and Expected Pensions?
w22687 Yoko Niimi
Charles Yuji Horioka

The Impact of Intergenerational Transfers on Household Wealth Inequality in Japan and the United States
w22690 David M. Cutler
Wei Huang
Adriana Lleras-Muney

Economic Conditions and Mortality: Evidence from 200 Years of Data
w22700 Maya Rossin-Slater
Miriam Wüst

What is the Added Value of Preschool? Long-term Impacts and Interactions with a Health Intervention
w22664 Emmanuel Saez
Stefanie Stantcheva

A Simpler Theory of Optimal Capital Taxation
w22669 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Atul Gupta

Is American Pet Health Care (Also) Uniquely Inefficient?
w22671 Robert French
Philip Oreopoulos

Applying Behavioral Economics to Public Policy in Canada
w22673 Nicola Lacetera
Incentives and Ethics in the Economics of Body Parts
w22676 Pol Antràs
Alonso de Gortari
Oleg Itskhoki

Globalization, Inequality and Welfare
w22680 Joanna Lahey
Understanding why black women are not working longer
w22682 Marianne Bitler
Hilary Hoynes
Elira Kuka

Child Poverty, the Great Recession, and the Social Safety Net in the United States
w22638 Marco Di Maggio
Amir Kermani
Christopher Palmer

How Quantitative Easing Works: Evidence on the Refinancing Channel
w22646 Dominik Sachs
Aleh Tsyvinski
Nicolas Werquin

Nonlinear Tax Incidence and Optimal Taxation in General Equilibrium
w22648 Manudeep Bhuller
Gordon B. Dahl
Katrine V. Løken
Magne Mogstad

Incarceration, Recidivism and Employment
w22657 Eric A. Hanushek
Guido Schwerdt
Simon Wiederhold
Ludger Woessmann

Coping with Change: International Differences in the Returns to Skills
w22658 Allison Shertzer
Tate Twinam
Randall P. Walsh

Zoning and the Economic Geography of Cities
w22612 Benjamin L. Collier
Andrew F. Haughwout
Howard C. Kunreuther
Erwann O. Michel-Kerjan
Michael A. Stewart

Firms' Management of Infrequent Shocks
w22620 Kayleigh Barnes
Arnab Mukherji
Patrick Mullen
Neeraj Sood

Financial Risk Protection from Social Health Insurance
w22621 Francis DiTraglia
Camilo García-Jimeno

A Framework for Eliciting, Incorporating, and Disciplining Identification Beliefs in Linear Models
w22625 Marco Di Maggio
Amir Kermani

The Importance of Unemployment Insurance as an Automatic Stabilizer
w22627 Peter Cohen
Robert Hahn
Jonathan Hall
Steven Levitt
Robert Metcalfe

Using Big Data to Estimate Consumer Surplus: The Case of Uber
w22632 Julio J. Elias
Nicola Lacetera
Mario Macis

Efficiency-Morality Trade-Offs in Repugnant Transactions: A Choice Experiment
w22585 Jesse Rothstein
Till von Wachter

Social Experiments in the Labor Market
w22589 Glenn Ellison
Parag A. Pathak

The Efficiency of Race-Neutral Alternatives to Race-Based Affirmative Action: Evidence from Chicago's Exam Schools
w22600 Mark Shepard
Hospital Network Competition and Adverse Selection: Evidence from the Massachusetts Health Insurance Exchange
w22601 John F. Helliwell
Aneta Bonikowska
Hugh Shiplett

Migration as a Test of the Happiness Set Point Hypothesis: Evidence from Immigration to Canada
w22602 Debraj Ray
Arthur Robson

Certified Random: A New Order for Co-Authorship
w22608 François Gerard
Gustavo Gonzaga

Informal Labor and the Efficiency Cost of Social Programs: Evidence from the Brazilian Unemployment Insurance Program
w22610 Samuel R. Bondurant
Jason M. Lindo
Isaac D. Swensen

Substance Abuse Treatment Centers and Local Crime
w22606 Annamaria Lusardi
Olivia S. Mitchell

Older Women's Labor Market Attachment, Retirement Planning, and Household Debt
w22553 Brian Beach
Werner Troesken
Nicola Tynan

Who Should Own and Control Urban Water Systems? Historical Evidence from England and Wales
w22556 Kirk Hamilton
John F. Helliwell
Michael Woolcock

Social Capital, Trust and Well-being in the Evaluation of Wealth
w22558 Anna Aizer
Janet Currie
Peter Simon
Patrick Vivier

Do Low Levels of Blood Lead Reduce Children's Future Test Scores?
w22561 Dayanand S. Manoli
Andrea Weber

The Effects of the Early Retirement Age on Retirement Decisions
w22563 Francesco D’Acunto
Daniel Hoang
Michael Weber

The Effect of Unconventional Fiscal Policy on Consumption Expenditure
w22564 Johannes F. Schmieder
Till von Wachter

The Effects of Unemployment Insurance Benefits: New Evidence and Interpretation
w22566 Stefano DellaVigna
Devin Pope

Predicting Experimental Results: Who Knows What?
w22568 Benjamin Hansen
Glen R. Waddell

Legal Access to Alcohol and Criminality
w22571 Mitchell Hoffman
Elizabeth Lyons

A Time to Make Laws and a Time to Fundraise? On the Relation between Salaries and Time Use for State Politicians
w22575 Bryan S. Graham
Identifying and Estimating Neighborhood Effects
w22577 Shu Wang
David Merriman
Frank J. Chaloupka

Relative Tax Rates, Proximity and Cigarette Tax Noncompliance: Evidence from a National Sample of Littered Cigarette Packs
w22580 Don Fullerton
Nirupama S. Rao

The Lifecycle of the 47%
w22583 Marika Cabral
Mark R. Cullen

Estimating the Value of Public Insurance Using Complementary Private Insurance
w22524 Antony Millner
Geoffrey Heal

Collective Intertemporal Choice: the Possibility of Time Consistency
w22526 Daniel B. Jones
Randall Walsh

How Do Voters Matter? Evidence from US Congressional Redistricting
w22530 Stefan Pichler
Nicolas R. Ziebarth

The Pros and Cons of Sick Pay Schemes: Testing for Contagious Presenteeism and Noncontagious Absenteeism Behavior
w22536 Kyle C. Meng
Estimating Path Dependence in Energy Transitions
w22537 Gilbert E. Metcalf
The Impact of Removing Tax Preferences for U.S. Oil and Natural Gas Production: Measuring Tax Subsidies by an Equivalent Price Impact Approach
w22540 Pauline Leung
Alexandre Mas

Employment Effects of the ACA Medicaid Expansions
w22545 Dmitry Taubinsky
Alex Rees-Jones

Attention Variation and Welfare: Theory and Evidence from a Tax Salience Experiment
w22549 Simon Halphen Boserup
Wojciech Kopczuk
Claus Thustrup Kreiner

Born with a Silver Spoon? Danish Evidence on Wealth Inequality in Childhood
w22507 Zhao Chen
Matthew E. Kahn
Yu Liu
Zhi Wang

The Consequences of Spatially Differentiated Water Pollution Regulation in China
w22502 Will S. Dobbie
Roland G. Fryer
Jr

Charter Schools and Labor Market Outcomes
w22504 Christopher J. Ruhm
Taking the Measure of a Fatal Drug Epidemic
w22511 Will Dobbie
Jacob Goldin
Crystal Yang

The Effects of Pre-Trial Detention on Conviction, Future Crime, and Employment: Evidence from Randomly Assigned Judges
w22487 Steven D. Levitt
Heads or Tails: The Impact of a Coin Toss on Major Life Decisions and Subsequent Happiness
w22499 Satadru Das
Naci Mocan

Analyzing the Impact of the World's Largest Public Works Project on Crime
w22472 Eric A. Hanushek
Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman

Dynamic Effects of Teacher Turnover on the Quality of Instruction
w22455 Jonathan D. Cohen
Keith Marzilli Ericson
David Laibson
John Myles White

Measuring Time Preferences
w22457 T. Renee Bowen
Ying Chen
Hülya K. Eraslan
Jan Zápal

Efficiency of Flexible Budgetary Institutions
w22462 Matthew Weinzierl
Popular Acceptance of Inequality due to Brute Luck and Support for Classical Benefit-Based Taxation
w22458 Dirk Krueger
Kurt Mitman
Fabrizio Perri

On the Distribution of the Welfare Losses of Large Recessions
w22467 Hans-Werner Sinn
Buffering Volatility: A Study on the Limits of Germany's Energy Revolution
w22470 Dajun Lin
Randall Lutter
Christopher J. Ruhm

Cognitive Performance and Labor Market Outcomes
w22440 Michael Geruso
Demand Heterogeneity in Insurance Markets: Implications for Equity and Efficiency
w22443 Eric Avis
Claudio Ferraz
Frederico Finan

Do Government Audits Reduce Corruption? Estimating the Impacts of Exposing Corrupt Politicians
w22446 Joshua D. Gottlieb
Richard R. Townsend
Ting Xu

Experimenting with Entrepreneurship: The Effect of Job-Protected Leave
w22447 Ioana Marinescu
The General Equilibrium Impacts of Unemployment Insurance: Evidence from a Large Online Job Board
w22450 John F. Helliwell
Haifang Huang
Shun Wang

New Evidence on Trust and Well-being
w22452 Nicole Maestas
Kathleen J. Mullen
David Powell

The Effect of Population Aging on Economic Growth, the Labor Force and Productivity
w22417 Nava Ashraf
Natalie Bau
Nathan Nunn
Alessandra Voena

Bride Price and Female Education
w22408 Michael Keen
Joel Slemrod

Optimal Tax Administration
w22411 Andrew C. Johnston
Alexandre Mas

Potential Unemployment Insurance Duration and Labor Supply: The Individual and Market-Level Response to a Benefit Cut
w22419 Kathleen Mullen
Stefan Staubli

Disability Benefit Generosity and Labor Force Withdrawal
w22420 Jean-Noel Barrot
Ramana Nanda

Can Paying Firms Quicker Affect Aggregate Employment?
w22424 Alan Gustman
Thomas Steinmeier
Nahid Tabatabai

Distributional Effects of Means Testing Social Security: Income Versus Wealth
w22425 Juan Carlos Suárez Serrato
Philippe Wingender

Estimating Local Fiscal Multipliers
w22398 C. Kirabo Jackson
Alexey Makarin

Can Online Off-The-Shelf Lessons Improve Student Outcomes? Evidence from A Field Experiment
w22376 Marius Brülhart
Jonathan Gruber
Matthias Krapf
Kurt Schmidheiny

Taxing Wealth: Evidence from Switzerland
w22363 Amanda E. Kowalski
Doing More When You're Running LATE: Applying Marginal Treatment Effect Methods to Examine Treatment Effect Heterogeneity in Experiments
w22369 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Paul Schrimpf

Bunching at the Kink: Implications for Spending Responses to Health Insurance Contracts
w22373 George Wehby
Dhaval Dave
Robert Kaestner

Effects of the Minimum Wage on Infant Health
w22347 Eric Bettinger
Oded Gurantz
Laura Kawano
Bruce Sacerdote

The Long Run Impacts of Merit Aid: Evidence from California's Cal Grant
w22353 David Besanko
David Dranove
Craig Garthwaite

Insurance and the High Prices of Pharmaceuticals
w22359 Alisdair McKay
Ricardo Reis

Optimal Automatic Stabilizers
w22318 Olesya Fomenko
Jonathan Gruber

Claims-Shifting: The Problem of Parallel Reimbursement Regimes
w22319 Dirk Krueger
Kurt Mitman
Fabrizio Perri

Macroeconomics and Household Heterogeneity
w22321 Jeffrey Brinkman
Daniele Coen-Pirani
Holger Sieg

The Political Economy of Underfunded Municipal Pension Plans
w22316 Greer K. Gosnell
John A. List
Robert Metcalfe

A New Approach to an Age-Old Problem: Solving Externalities by Incenting Workers Directly
w22330 Harold Cole
Daniel Neuhann
Guillermo Ordoñez

Debt Crises: For Whom the Bell Tolls
w22344 Christina DePasquale
Kevin Stange

Labor Supply Effects of Occupational Regulation: Evidence from the Nurse Licensure Compact
w22303 Roberton C. Williams III
Environmental Taxation
w22301 James R. Hines Jr.
Niklas Potrafke
Marina Riem
Christoph Schinke

Inter Vivos Transfers of Ownership in Family Firms
w22305 Casey B. Mulligan
Kevin K. Tsui

The Upside-down Economics of Regulated and Otherwise Rigid Prices
w22312 Michal Bauer
Christopher Blattman
Julie Chytilová
Joseph Henrich
Edward Miguel
Tamar Mitts

Can War Foster Cooperation?
w22314 Solomon Hsiang
Nitin Sekar

Does Legalization Reduce Black Market Activity? Evidence from a Global Ivory Experiment and Elephant Poaching Data
w22288 Carlos Dobkin
Amy Finkelstein
Raymond Kluender
Matthew J. Notowidigdo

The Economic Consequences of Hospital Admissions
w22292 Kenneth Lee
Edward Miguel
Catherine Wolfram

Experimental Evidence on the Demand for and Costs of Rural Electrification
w22295 Emmanuel Farhi
Matteo Maggiori

A Model of the International Monetary System
w22257 Stefano DellaVigna
Attila Lindner
Balázs Reizer
Johannes F. Schmieder

Reference-Dependent Job Search: Evidence from Hungary
w22258 Michael Bailey
Ruiqing Cao
Theresa Kuchler
Johannes Stroebel

Social Networks and Housing Markets
w22260 Rodney J. Andrews
Scott A. Imberman
Michael F. Lovenheim

Recruiting and Supporting Low-Income, High-Achieving Students at Flagship Universities
w22269 Marc A. C. Hafstead
Roberton C. Williams III

Unemployment and Environmental Regulation in General Equilibrium
w22272 Tatyana Deryugina
The Fiscal Cost of Hurricanes: Disaster Aid Versus Social Insurance
w22277 Liran Einav
Amy Finkelstein
Maria Polyakova

Private Provision of Social Insurance: Drug-specific Price Elasticities and Cost Sharing in Medicare Part D
w22281 Sharat Ganapati
Joseph S. Shapiro
Reed Walker

The Incidence of Carbon Taxes in U.S. Manufacturing: Lessons from Energy Cost Pass-Through
w22240 Cuicui Chen
Richard J. Zeckhauser

Collective Action in an Asymmetric World
w22246 Matthew J. Kotchen
Which Social Cost of Carbon? A Theoretical Perspective
w22249 Norma B. Coe
Jing Guo
R. Tamara Konetzka
Courtney Harold Van Houtven

What is the Marginal Benefit of Payment-Induced Family Care?
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Gianmarco León
María Lombardi

Compulsory Voting, Turnout, and Government Spending: Evidence from Austria
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Miriam Wüst

Parental Responses to Child Support Obligations: Evidence from Administrative Data
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John A. List
Michael Price
Vjollca Sadiraj
Anya Samek

Moral Costs and Rational Choice: Theory and Experimental Evidence
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Devin Pope

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Jutta Viinikainen
Terho Lehtimäki
Suvi Rovio
Ilkka Seppälä
Jaakko Pehkonen
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The Effect of Weight on Labor Market Outcomes: an Application of Genetic Instrumental Variables
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Roland Bénabou

Image Versus Information: Changing Societal Norms and Optimal Privacy
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Timothy McQuade

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Thomas Leoni

Disability policies: Reform strategies in a comparative perspective
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Petra Persson

The Long-term Consequences of Teacher Discretion in Grading of High-stakes Tests
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Patrick Langetieg
Stefan Nagel
Daniel Reck
Joel Slemrod
Bryan Stuart

Who Sold During the Crash of 2008-9? Evidence from Tax-Return Data on Daily Sales of Stock
w22213 Molly Frean
Jonathan Gruber
Benjamin D. Sommers

Premium Subsidies, the Mandate, and Medicaid Expansion: Coverage Effects of the Affordable Care Act
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Sylvain Chassang
Erik Snowberg

Decision Theoretic Approaches to Experiment Design and External Validity
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Borja Larrain
Clemens Sialm
José Tessada

Coordinated Noise Trading: Evidence from Pension Fund Reallocations
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Loukas Karabarbounis

The Limited Macroeconomic Effects of Unemployment Benefit Extensions
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Steven F. Lehrer

Targeted or Universal Coverage? Assessing Heterogeneity in the Effects of Universal Childcare
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Judith Scott-Clayton

Tax Benefits for College Attendance
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Government Old-Age Support and Labor Supply: Evidence from the Old Age Assistance Program
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Andrew Hillis
Scott Duke Kominers
Michael Luca

Crowdsourcing City Government: Using Tournaments to Improve Inspection Accuracy
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Parag A. Pathak
Tayfun Sönmez

Explicit vs. Statistical Preferential Treatment in Affirmative Action: Theory and Evidence from Chicago's Exam Schools
w22090 Robert Gordon
David Joulfaian
James Poterba

Revenue and Incentive Effects of Basis Step-Up at Death: Lessons from the 2010 "Voluntary" Estate Tax Regime
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Matthew E. Kahn
Shanjun Li

Efficient Local Government Service Provision: The Role of Privatization and Public Sector Unions
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Steven D. Levitt
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A Glimpse into the World of High Capacity Givers: Experimental Evidence from a University Capital Campaign
w22076 Florian Scheuer
Iván Werning

Mirrlees meets Diamond-Mirrlees
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Jesse Rothstein

Tax Policy Toward Low-Income Families
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Qing Gong

Detecting Potential Overbilling in Medicare Reimbursement via Hours Worked
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Hope Corman
Nancy Reichman

Effects of Welfare Reform on Women's Voting Participation
w22055 Brian Knight
Ana Tribin

The Limits of Propaganda: Evidence from Chavez's Venezuela
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Steven G. Rivkin
Jeffrey C. Schiman
Jason Ward

Decentralized Governance and the Quality of School Leadership
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Christopher R. Knittel
James M. Sallee
Arthur A. van Benthem

Sufficient Statistics for Imperfect Externality-Correcting Policies
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Kyle Mangum
James W. Roberts

Speculative Fever: Investor Contagion in the Housing Bubble
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Susan Dynarski
Kenneth Frank
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Randall Reback
Leigh Wedenoja

How Does Access to Health Care Affect Teen Fertility and High School Dropout Rates? Evidence from School-based Health Centers
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Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Darryl R. Koehler

U.S. Inequality, Fiscal Progressivity, and Work Disincentives: An Intragenerational Accounting
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John A. List
Ulrike Malmendier
Gautam Rao

Estimating Social Preferences and Gift Exchange at Work
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Judit Vall Castelló
Ioana Marinescu

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Fernando Ferreira
Stephen L. Ross

What Drives Racial and Ethnic Differences in High Cost Mortgages? The Role of High Risk Lenders
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Katsunori Yamada

Income-comparison Attitudes in the US and the UK: Evidence from Discrete-choice Experiments
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Ozkan Eren
Naci Mocan

Judges, Juveniles and In-group Bias
w22007 Dan Cao
Iván Werning

Dynamic Savings Choices with Disagreements
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Jesse Rothstein
Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

School Finance Reform and the Distribution of Student Achievement
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Nicolas Hérault
Stephen P. Jenkins
Roger Wilkins

What has Been Happening to UK Income Inequality Since the Mid-1990s? Answers from Reconciled and Combined Household Survey and Tax Return Data
w21990 Sanders Korenman
Dahlia K. Remler

Including Health Insurance in Poverty Measurement: The Impact of Massachusetts Health Reform on Poverty
w21961 Raj Chetty
John N. Friedman
Jonah Rockoff

Using Lagged Outcomes to Evaluate Bias in Value-Added Models
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Xiao Yu Wang
Shuang Zhang

The Limits of Meritocracy: Screening Bureaucrats Under Imperfect Verifiability
w21966 Nicholas Z. Muller
Paul Ruud

What Forces Dictate the Design of Pollution Monitoring Networks?
w21968 David A. Bielen
Richard G. Newell
William A. Pizer

Who Did the Ethanol Tax Credit Benefit? An Event Analysis of Subsidy Incidence
w21927 Benjamin B. Lockwood
Matthew C. Weinzierl

Positive and Normative Judgments Implicit in U.S. Tax Policy, and the Costs of Unequal Growth and Recessions
w21928 Philippe Aghion
Ufuk Akcigit
Julia Cagé
William R. Kerr

Taxation, Corruption, and Growth
w21929 John Cawley
Andrew S. Hanks
David R. Just
Brian Wansink

Incentivizing Nutritious Diets: A Field Experiment of Relative Price Changes and How They are Framed
w21934 James Andreoni
Michael A. Kuhn
Larry Samuelson

Starting Small: Endogenous Stakes and Rational Cooperation
w21936 Raj Chetty
Nathaniel Hendren
Frina Lin
Jeremy Majerovitz
Benjamin Scuderi

Childhood Environment and Gender Gaps in Adulthood
w21951 Harvey S. Rosen
Alexander J. W. Sappington

To Borrow or Not to Borrow? An Analysis of University Leverage Decisions
w21900 Leonard Goff
John F. Helliwell
Guy Mayraz

The Welfare Costs of Well-being Inequality
w21903 Gary D. Libecap
Coasean Bargaining to Address Environmental Externalities
w21904 John Guyton
Dayanand S. Manoli
Brenda Schafer
Michael Sebastiani

Reminders & Recidivism: Evidence from Tax Filing & EITC Participation among Low-Income Nonfilers
w21915 Michael Kremer
Jack Willis

Guns, Latrines, and Land Reform: Private Expectations and Public Policy
w21912 Matthew E. Kahn
Nils Kok
Peng Liu

Is California More Energy Efficient than the Rest of the Nation? Evidence from Commercial Real Estate
w21916 David Albouy
Mike Zabek

Housing Inequality
w21917 Mariacristina De Nardi
Giulio Fella
Gonzalo Paz Pardo

The Implications of Richer Earnings Dynamics for Consumption and Wealth
w21873 Margherita Borella
Mariacristina De Nardi
Eric French

Who Receives Medicaid in Old Age? Rules and Reality
w21875 John A. List
Azeem M. Shaikh
Yang Xu

Multiple Hypothesis Testing in Experimental Economics
w21876 Eric Zwick
James Mahon

Tax Policy and Heterogeneous Investment Behavior
w21877 Arthur Alik-Lagrange
Martin Ravallion

Social Frictions to Knowledge Diffusion: Evidence from an Information Intervention
w21889 Eric Budish
Benjamin N. Roin
Heidi L. Williams

Patents and Research Investments: Assessing the Empirical Evidence
w21896 Simon H. Boserup
Wojciech Kopczuk
Claus T. Kreiner

The Role of Bequests in Shaping Wealth Inequality: Evidence from Danish Wealth Records
w21843 Emmanuel Farhi
Jean Tirole

Deadly Embrace: Sovereign and Financial Balance Sheets Doom Loops
w21848 Xavier Gabaix
Behavioral Macroeconomics Via Sparse Dynamic Programming
w21849 Eli Berman
Mitch Downey
Joseph Felter

Expanding Governance as Development: Evidence on Child Nutrition in the Philippines
w21851 Alexander Gelber
Timothy Moore
Alexander Strand

The Effect of Disability Insurance Payments on Beneficiaries' Earnings

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